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The Cold War Era: 1945 - 1990

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Cold War Era: 1945 - 1990: The articles in this section on United States History for Kids relate to the dates covered from 1945 - 1990: Cold War Era and the Space Race.

The Cold War Era: 1945 - 1990
The spread of Communism sparked the Cold War and the country watched as the
McCarthy Witch hunts took place. The fight against Communism saw the country become involved in the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Americans were concerned about the Russians launching Sputnik and the Space race began. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was established and America landed the first man on the moon.

The issue of Civil Rights was also dominant with the fight for equal rights for Black Americans, women. The nation was rocked by the assassination of Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy. The leaders of the country who were elected president during the turbulent Cold War Era, and helped to make United States History, were Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan.

Harry S. Truman Presidency (1945-1949) & (1949-1953)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Harry S Truman includes the Potsdam Conference, The Cold War, The Truman Doctrine, The Roswell UFO Incident, The NATO Treaty, McCarthy Witch hunts and the Korean War.

President Harry S Truman
The Cold War
Cold War Timeline
New Innovations
Baby Boomers
Bikini Atoll
Cold War Arms Race
Cold War Space Race
Space Race Timeline
Cold War Events (1945 - 1947)
Cold War Events (1948 - 1955)
Cold War Events (1956 - 1961)
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
The Potsdam Conference
United Nations (UN)
The Iron Curtain
The Truman Doctrine
The Marshall Plan
Roswell UFO Incident
Containment
The Domino Theory
Berlin Blockade
Berlin Airlift
Mao Zedong
Korean War
NATO
McCarthyism
Loyalty Review Program
HUAC
Alger Hiss
Taft Hartley Act
CONELRAD

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidency (1953-1957) & (1957-1961)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Dwight D Eisenhower (January 20, 1953 to January 20, 1961) includes the SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), The Warsaw Pact, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and the Eisenhower Doctrine.

President Dwight Eisenhower
Cold War Events (1948 - 1955)
Sputnik
Warsaw Pact
NASA
NASA Timeline
The Vietnam War
Vietnam War Timeline
Ho Chi Minh
Ngo Dinh Diem
Ho Chi Minh Trail
SEATO
U-2 Incident
Area 51
Interstate Highway System
The Eisenhower Doctrine
Pop Art
 

The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Movement Timeline
Civil Rights Movement Facts
Brown vs Board of Education
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The SCLC
Little Rock Nine
Civil Rights Act of 1957
The SNCC

John F. Kennedy Presidency (1961-1963)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of John F Kennedy (January 20,1961 to November 22, 1963) includes the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

President John F Kennedy
Cold War Events (1956 - 1961)
The Vietnam War
Ngo Dinh Diem
Ho Chi Minh
Agent Orange
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
Space Race
Second Wave Feminism
Equal Pay Act of 1963
The Peace Corps
The Freedom Riders
Letter from Birmingham Jail
Letter from Birmingham jail Text
March on Washington
10 Demands of the March on Washington
JFK Assassination

Lyndon B. Johnson Presidency (1963-1965) & (1965-1969)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Lyndon B Johnson (November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969) includes the Vietnam War, The Civil Rights Act, The Voting Rights Act and the Pueblo Incident.

President Lyndon B Johnson
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
The Vietnam War
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
My Lai Massacre
Tet Offensive
Great Society
Clean Air Act
National Organization for Women
NOW Statement of Purpose
The Hippie Counterculture
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
EEOC
Selma March
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
The Watts Riots
Black Power
MLK Assassination
Nation of Islam
Black Panthers
Hare Krishna
Beatlemania

Richard Nixon Presidency (1969-1974)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Richard Nixon (January 20, 1969 to August 9, 1974) includes the SALT Agreement (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) and the Watergate Break-in.

President Richard Nixon
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
The Vietnam War
Vietnamization
Kent State Shooting
The Pentagon Papers
End of the Vietnam War
Detente
SALT Treaty
Arab-Israeli Conflict
Clean Air Act
EPA
Earth Day
Roe v Wade
The Watergate Scandal

Gerald Ford Presidency (1974-1977)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Gerald Ford (August 9, 1974 to January 20, 1977) includes the Richard Nixon Pardoned, The Helsinki Agreement, Privacy Act of 1974 and the Energy Policy Conservation Act.

President Gerald Ford
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
Stagflation
Khmer Rouge
Helsinki Accords
Privacy Act of 1974

Jimmy Carter Presidency (1977-1981)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Jimmy Carter (January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981) includes the Three Mile Island Incident, Iran Hostage Crisis, The Iran-Iraq War and the Carter Doctrine.

President Jimmy Carter
Three Mile Island Accident
Camp David Accords
Iran Hostage Crisis

Ronald Reagan Presidency (1981 - 1989)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Ronald Reagan (January 20, 1981 to January 20, 1989) includes Irangate - the Iran-Contra Scandal, Glasnost, The Granada invasion, The Stark incident and the Space Shuttle.

President Ronald Reagan
Reaganomics
Reagan Assassination Attempt
John Hinckley Letter to Jodie Foster
Irangate - the Iran-Contra Scandal
Glasnost
Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

United States History
The following link provides access to all the most important events of each of the presidencies in the history of the United States of America.

US American History

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