1945: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly developed the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) to make military calculations.
1945: First vaccine developed for influenza
1946: US banker John C. Biggins of the Flatbush National Bank of Brooklyn invents the first bank-issued credit card
1946: F.C. Williams developed the cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
1947: Alan Turing and Donald Watts Davies build the Pilot ACE digital computer
1947: Dr. Claude Beck invents the defibrillator
1947: The first manned supersonic flight where the sound barrier was broken was flown by US Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager in the Bell X-1.
1947: Douglas Engelbart theorized on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of using punch cards
1947: US physicists Waler H. Brattain, John Bardeen and William Shockley invent the transistor at Bell Labs making it possible to miniaturize calculators and radios.
1948: Andrew Donald Booth invented magnetic drum memory
1948: American aeronautical engineer Francis Rogallo invented Rogallo's flexible wing, which was tested by NASA as a steerable parachute to retrieve Gemini space capsules
1948: Cable television was developed in Pennsylvania by John Walson and Margaret Walson.
1948: The first hand dryer was invented by George Clemens for use in public restrooms
1949: Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III at Harvard University for the U.S. Navy.
1949: Willard F. Libby invented the procedure for Radiocarbon dating
1949: The first atomic clock built at the United States National Bureau of Standards
1950: John Hopps invents the first cardiac pacemaker
1950: Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker
1950: Hideo Yamachito creates the first electronic computer in Japan
1950: The teleprompter was invented by Hubert Schlafly
1950: Rosalind Franklin used X-ray diffraction to study the structure of DNA
1950: Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine
1951: The Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC I) was the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
1951: LEO: the first UK business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) is developed by T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons
1951: The wetsuit was invented by the University of California at Berkeley physicist Hugh Bradner.
1952: USA tests its first hydrogen bomb - the Mike Shot thermonuclear device
1952: Norman Joseph Woodland invented the barcode
1954: Gertrude Elion patents a drug to fight leukemia
1954: IBM and John Backus develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
1954: Bryce K. Brown invented the radar gun to detect the speed of objects
1954: Dee Horton and Lew Hewitt invented the automatic sliding door
1954: Dr. Joseph E. Murray performed the first kidney transplant
1955: The first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus SSN 571 was developed
1955: Bell Labs introduced its first transistor computer.
1956: George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger were the first to invent an industrial robot.
1957: USSR launch Sputnik I and Sputnik 2, the world's first artificial satellites
1957: The Cold War Space Race begins (1957 - 1975)
1957: USA tests its first intercontinental ballistic missile
1958: Dr. Roger Bacon invented the first high-performance carbon fibers
1958: ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) is formed
1958: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed
1958: The Silicon chip, the first integrated circuit, is produced in the US by the Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
1959: Philo T. Farnsworth invented the fusor apparatus to create nuclear fusion.
1959: Paul Baran theorized on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack"
1960: USA Corona Spy Satellite - successful recovery of photographs from space
1960: The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
1960: American physicist Theodore H. Maiman created the first laser.
1960: Dr. Gregory Pincus invented the combined oral contraceptive pill (the Pill"
1960: The first Global navigation satellite system called Transit, was developed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory under the leadership of Richard Kershner.
1961: Alan Shepherd became the first American, to travel into space on Freedom 7
1962: Nick Holonyak Jr. invented the first practical visible-spectrum LED
1962: American aerospace engineer John Robinson Pierce working at NASA launched Telstar, the world's first active communications satellite designed to transmit telephone and high-speed data communication
1963: ASCII: The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange amongst computers
1963: The first computer mouse is invented by Douglas Engelbart
1963: The first computer mouse is invented by Douglas Engelbart
1962: The first computer game 'Spacewar Computer Game' was invented by Steve Russell at MIT
1962: USSR launches Zenit Spy Satellite, takes photographs above the USA
1964: John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
1964: IBM introduces the first word processor
1964: The First vaccine is developed for measles.
1965: Paul C. Fisher invented the space pen which was tested at NASA, and was used during the Apollo 7 mission in 1968.
1965: Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
1967: The first human heart transplant is conducted by Dr. Christiaan Barnard
1968: USA develops MIRV systems that put several warheads on a single launcher to strike widely dispersed targets
1968: USA launched the Apollo 8 Manned Moon Orbit
1969: USA places First Man on the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in Apollo 11 lunar module
1969: George Sweigert received a patent for the cordless telephone
1969: Seymour Cray developed the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
1969: Gary Starkweather invented the laser printer working with Xerox
1969: Joe Sutter of The Boeing Company designed the world's first wide-body aircraft, the Boeing 747
1969: The U.S. Department of Defense established the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster. ARPANET created the first building blocks to the internet
1970: The first vaccine is developed for rubella
1970: Intel introduced the world's first available dynamic RAM (random-access memory) chip and the Intel 4004, the first microprocessor.
1971: Ray Tomlinson invented E-mail
1971: James Fergason invented Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
1971: The Floppy Disk, nicknamed the "Floppy" due to its flexibility, was invented by David Noble with IBM
1973: Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs create the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
1973: Martin Cooper invented the first handheld cellular mobile phone (cell phone).
1973: The minicomputer Xerox Alto became a landmark in the development of personal computers.
1973: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers (Gateways) to negotiate between the various national networks
1973: The first voicemail system was invented by Stephen J. Boies.
1974: The First vaccine is developed for chicken pox
1974: IBM developed SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) known as SQL
1974: Charles Simonyi coins the phrase WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be viewed or printed
1975: USA / USSR First multi-national manned missions ended the Cold War Space Race
1975: Engineer Steven Sasson working at Eastman Kodak invented the first digital camera using a CCD image sensor
1975: CAT-Scans are invented by Robert S. Ledley
1975: Bill Gates and Paul Allen found the Microsoft Corporation to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
1975: Altair produces the first portable computer
1976: Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computers.
1977: Ward Christensen writes the "MODEM" program allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a telephone line
1978: The First vaccine developed for meningitis
1978: The First test-tube baby was born
1981: The First vaccine is developed for hepatitis B
1983: Microsoft Windows are introduced to eliminate the need to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons
1983: HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified
1983: The Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge
1983: Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) - Star Wars
1985: The artificial kidney dialysis machine is invented by Willem J. Kolff
1990: Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet and the World Wide Web
1991: The World Wide Web is launched on August 6, 1991
|US American History|
|1945-1993: Cold War Era|
|Inventions in the 1920's|
|Industrial Revolution Inventions|