Cold War Timeline for Kids
1945: The Potsdam Conference builds a high level of distrust between the USSR and the USA
1945: United Nations was established to avoid another war but its peace mission was jeopardized by the Cold War.
1945: The Eastern Bloc (The Iron Curtain) established dividing the East from the West
1946: The policy of Containment leads to the Domino Theory
1946: Operation Crossroads - nuclear weapon tests conducted by the US at Bikini Atoll
1947: The speech to congress known as the Truman Doctrine pledges to resist communism
1947: The Marshall Plan authorized the US government to supply military aid against communism
1947: National Security Act creates the U.S. Air Force (USAF), NSA and the CIA.
1947: Loyalty Review Program screened federal government employees during second Red Scare
1947: HUAC House of Un-American Activities Committee.
1948: West Germany is founded and Stalin mounts the Berlin blockade in East Germany
1948: The Berlin Airlift (1948 - 1949) - US supplies west Berlin by air
1949: NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was formed
1949: USSR tests its first atomic bomb and the Cold War Arms Race begins
1949: Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists sign a Treaty with the USSR - Cold War spreads to East Asia
1950: The Korean War (1950 - 1953) between the Soviet-backed communist North Korea and China against the US and UN backed South Korea.
1950: McCarthyism (1950 - 1954) brings in the era of anti-communist hysteria
1951: CONELRAD established in the US to issue radio warnings of Nuclear Attack Alerts
1954: The First Taiwan Strait Crisis - brinkmanship forces the Chinese Communists to back down.
1954: Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was formed as the Southeast Asian version of NATO
1955: The Soviet Union created the alliance known as the Warsaw Pact
1955: The Vietnam War (1955 - 1975) between communist North Vietnam (supported by USSR) against the non-communist South Vietnam (supported by US)
1956: The "Secret Speech" in which Khrushchev denounces the tyranny of Stalin
1956: The Hungarian Revolution which ended when Russian tanks moved into Budapest.
1956: The Suez Crisis (1956) and the Soviets gain a foothold in the Middle East
1957: The Eisenhower Doctrine pledged economic and military aid to the Middle East and Asia
1957: USSR launch Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite
1957: The Cold War Space Race starts (1957 - 1975)
1958: NASA is established
1960: USA Corona Spy Satellite - successful recovery of photographs from space
1960: The U-2 Incident - US U2 spy plane shot down over Russia and pilot, Gary Powers captured
1961: The Berlin Wall erected dividing East and West Berlin
1961: Checkpoint Charlie Incident a standoff between U.S. and Soviet tanks at the Berlin Wall
1961: The Bay of Pigs Invasion - CIA-backed botched invasion of Cuba
1961: The Cuban Missile Crisis bringing the world to the brink of nuclear annihilation
1962: USSR launches Zenit Spy Satellite, takes photographs above the USA
1964: The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ a free hand to escalate the Vietnam War.
1968: The Prague Spring, Czechoslovakia ended with a Soviet invasion
1968: USA launched the Apollo 8 Manned Moon Orbit
1969: USA places First Man on the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in Apollo 11 lunar module
1972: The SALT Agreements - Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (1972 - 1979) between USA and the USSR
1973: The Paris Peace Accords was signed on January 27, 1973 including a ceasefire agreement heralds the End of the Vietnam War.
1975: USA / USSR First multi-national manned missions ending the Cold War Space Race
1979: Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (1979 - 1989)
1983: Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) - Star Wars
1989: The Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989)
1991: Collapse of the Soviet Union and the End of the Cold War
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|1945-1993: Cold War Era|