Progressive Reforms were prompted by the political philosophy of Progressivism and the influence and work of reformists called Progressives who included activists, analysts and social commentators.
Progressive Reforms for kids: Progressivism
Progressive Reforms for kids: The Progressive Movement
Progressive Reforms for kids: The Progressives Agenda
Progressive Reforms for kids: City Reforms - Commission System
Progressive Reforms for kids: State Reforms
Progressive Reforms for kids: The Wisconsin Experiment
Progressive Reforms for kids: Federal Reforms
Progressive Reforms for kids: Progressive Reforms -
Federal Legislation and Action
The 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit monopolies.
The 1898 Erdman Act prohibited discrimination against railroad workers because of union membership and provided for mediation of railway labor disputes .
Theodore Roosevelt First Presidential term (1901-1905). Conservation was a cornerstone of his domestic policy
Newlands Reclamation Act of 1902 encouraged conservation using money from the sale of public lands to build dams and irrigations systems.
The 1902 Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 saw President Roosevelt, as leader of the federal government, act as a mediator.
In 1902 President Roosevelt takes action against J.P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act in his “trust-busting” efforts to break up monopolies.
The Department of Commerce and Labor is established in 1903 to conciliate between management and labor.
The 1903 Elkins Act banned the use of rebates by railroad companies.
President Roosevelt announces his Square Deal Policy in 1904 and his support of progressive and political reforms, including the regulation of business and corporations.
Theodore Roosevelt Second Presidential term (1905-1909)
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act was passed requiring companies to accurately label the ingredients contained in processed food and medicines and ensure the contents were safe and hygienic.
The 1906 Meat Inspection Act was passed as a direct result of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle. The law required the inspection of meat processing plants to protect the public’s health and welfare.
The Hepburn Act was passed in 1906 challenging the economic power of the railroad industry. It also expands the jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
The National Child Labor Committee (NCLC) of 1907 was chartered by an Act of Congress
William Taft Presidency (1909-1913) saw the introduction of Taft's Dollar Diplomacy
The 1910 Mann-Elkins Act was passed to strengthen the Hepburn Act and gave the Interstate Commerce Commission authority to regulate telephone, telegraph, radio and cable companies.
Woodrow Wilson Presidency (1913-1917) & (1917-1921) introduced his New Freedom polices and laws for progressive reforms in which he attacked the Triple Wall of Privilege
The 17th amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1913 to counter Senate corruption by the direct election of senators
The 1913 Federal Reserve Act was passed creating 12 district Federal Reserve Banks, each able to issue new currency and loan member banks funds at the prime interest rate
The 1913 Underwood Tariff reduced the average tariff on imported goods
The 1914 Federal Trade Commission Act established the Federal Trade Commission was established to regulate fair competition among Big business and industry and regulated product labeling..
The 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act revised the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act and banned monopolistic practices by business and affirms the right to go on strike.
The 1916 Keating-Owen Child Labor Act limited how many hours children are allowed to work
The Federal Farm Loan Act provide small farmers with long-term loans at low interest rates.
The Adamson Act of 1916 established an eight-hour workday for railroad workers
1919 introduced Prohibition led by the Temperance Movement - The 18th Amendment is passed prohibiting the sale and manufacture of alcohol
The 19th Amendment is passed in 1919 giving women the right to vote (suffrage)
|US American History
|1881-1913: Maturation Era
|The Progressive Movement
|Progressive Era Timeline