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President Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson

President Woodrow Wilson: Short biography of President Woodrow Wilson and the key events during his presidency.

Life of President Fast Fact File
Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924), nicknamed the "Schoolmaster", was the 28th American President and served in office from 1913-1921. The Presidency of Woodrow Wilson spanned the period in United States history that encompasses the events of the WW1 and the Prohibition era. President Woodrow Wilson represented the Democratic political party. World War I began in Europe (1914-1918) and the US entered WWI by declaring war on Germany in 1917.

The 1917 Espionage and Sedition Acts followed - refer to Woodrow Wilson and WW1. The Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919 and the Prohibition Era began.

The major accomplishments and the famous, main events that occurred during the time that Woodrow Wilson was president included the Federal Reserve Act (1913), the Clayton Anti-Trust Act (1914), the Sinking of the Lusitania in 1915. His presidency also witnessed the 1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic, Women's suffrage, the Harlem Renaissance, establishment of the Niagara Movement civil rights organization and the NAACP, the First Red Scare, the Palmer Raids and the Sacco and Vanzetti Case. Woodrow Wilson died of a stroke on February 3, 1924, aged 67. The next president was Warren Harding.  

Birthday: December 28, 1856

Place of Birth: New Jersey

Political Party: Democratic 

Nickname: The Schoolmaster

Number: 28th President

Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall

Age at Inauguration: 60

Height: 5 feet 11 inches

Weight: 170 pounds

Religion: Presbyterian

First Ladies: Ellen Wilson, Margaret Woodrow Wilson and Edith Wilson

Date of Death: February 3, 1924

Date of Woodrow Wilson Presidency: March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921

The Nickname of Woodrow Wilson: "Schoolmaster"
The nickname of President Woodrow Wilson provides an insight into how the man was viewed by the American public during his presidency. The meaning of the Woodrow Wilson nickname "Schoolmaster" refers to his skill as an exceptional historian and his early role as President of Princeton University. Another nickname reflecting his intellectual skills was "The Phrasemaker" in reference to his skills as a good orator and his ability to write great speeches.

Character and Personality Type of Woodrow Wilson
The character traits of President Woodrow Wilson can be described as reserved, ambitious, confident, intelligent, generous and diligent. It has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs personality type for Woodrow Wilson is an INTJ (introversion, intuition, thinking, judgment). A reserved, analytical and insightful character with a strong sense of independence. Woodrow Wilson Personality type: pragmatic, logical, individualist and creative.

Accomplishments of Woodrow Wilson and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Woodrow Wilson and the most famous events during his presidency are provided in an interesting, short summary format detailed below. Click the following link for events relating to Woodrow Wilson and World War 1

Wilson's New Freedom
Summary of the Wilson's New Freedom: The
Progressive Movement continued during the Presidency of Woodrow Wilson and Wilson's New Freedom  attacked the Triple Wall of Privilege in favor of supporting small farmers and small businessmen by Reforming Tariffs, Reforming the Banks, breaking up monopolies and passing important financial and Social Welfare reforms.

1913 Federal Reserve Act
Summary of the 1913 Federal Reserve Act: The
1913 Federal Reserve Act was passed  by Woodrow Wilson to booster public confidence in the US banking system by establishing a regional Federal Reserve System that operated under a supervisory board in Washington.

Revenue Act of 1913
Summary of the Revenue Act of 1913: The
Revenue Act of 1913 reduced the average tariff on imported goods and re-imposed Income Tax passed by Woodrow Wilson to compensate for lost revenue on tariffs.

1914 Federal Trade Act
Summary of the 1914 Federal Trade Act: The
1914 Federal Trade Act was an Antitrust action that created the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) that the power to investigate companies for unfair trade practices that damaged competition.

1914 Clayton Antitrust Act
Summary of the 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act: The
1914 Clayton Antitrust Act was "An Act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies" and banned monopolistic practices by corporations and gave the right of workers to strike.

1916 Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
Summary of the 1916 Keating-Owen Child Labor Act: The
1916 Keating-Owen Child Labor Act limited the number of hours that children were allowed to work and banned the employment of children under the age of fourteen in factories that produced goods for interstate commerce.

1916 Federal Farm Loan Act
Summary of the 1916 Federal Farm Loan Act: The
1916 Federal Farm Loan Act passed by Woodrow Wilson to create 12 Federal Land Banks to provide small farmers with low interest loans.

Adamson Act of 1916
Summary of the Adamson Act of 1916: The Adamson Act of 1916 was passed passed by Woodrow Wilson to avoid a major railroad strike by establishing the 8 hour working day for railroad workers and time and a half for overtime.

The United States in World War 1 - Woodrow Wilson for kids
The events of World War 1 are addressed in the separate article of Woodrow Wilson and WW1

The Prohibition Era
Summary of the Prohibition Era: The
Prohibition Era (1920 to 1933) was the time in US history when the manufacture and sale of alcohol was banned. Prohibition was seen as a 'Noble Experiment' and the solution to the nation's growing poverty, crime, violence and  abuse Prohibition led to the  emergence of organized crime, increased violence, the sale of illegal alcohol by bootleggers and massive political corruption. 

Volstead Act
Summary of the Volstead Act: The Volstead Act aka the National Prohibition Act, became effective on January 29, 1920 to enforce the 18th amendment on Prohibition. No one could manufacture, sell, buy, transport any liquor without first obtaining a Government permit.

Prohibition Gangsters
Summary of the Prohibition Gangsters: The Prohibition Gangsters were mobsters and 'bootleggers' who profited from the illegal sale of liquor during the Prohibition Era.  The most famous Prohibition Gangsters were Al "Scarface" Capone, Charles “Lucky” Luciano, George “Bugs” Moran, Dutch Schultz and Jack "Legs" Diamond.

Summary of the Speakeasies: The Speakeasies were illegal, secret drinking clubs during Prohibition when gangsters took control of the distribution of alcohol to bars and clubs which ultimately led to the rise of organized crime in America.

The Roaring Twenties and the Jazz Age
Summary of the Roaring Twenties and the Jazz Age: Following the events of World War 1 the nation enjoyed the Economic Boom of the 1920's and entered into periods in history known as the Roaring Twenties and the Jazz Age. It was an exciting time for Women in the 1920's and the new 1920's Fashion for Women. The United States also saw many changes due to the Inventions in the 1920's.

The Fundamentalist Movement and the 'Monkey Trial'
Summary of the Fundamentalist Movement: The
Fundamentalist Movement was founded by conservative Americans who rejected the new ideals of the Roaring Twenties and attempted to restore old morals and Protestant religious values, developing a new kind of Christianity called Fundamentalism. The Fundamentalists rejected ideas such as Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution which led to the prosecution of schoolteacher John Scopes and the famous 'Monkey Trial' in which John Scopes was found guilty of teaching the theory of evolution.

WW1 Great Migration
Summary of the WW1 Great Migration: The WW1 Great Migration saw the movement of thousands of African Americans from the farmlands in the southern states to the cities in  the north in order to find new opportunities and jobs. Many made their way to the New York city neighborhood of Harlem in Manhattan, New York City which became the home of the Harlem Renaissance movement.

The Harlem Renaissance
Summary of the Harlem Renaissance: The Harlem Renaissance (1917 - 1932) was the flowering of African American culture embracing literary, musical, theatrical, and visual arts. The Harlem Renaissance was a new beginning for African Americans and a period of intellectual growth which inspired African American artists, authors and musicians.

Marcus Garvey and the UNIA
Summary of Marcus Garvey: Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). He moved to Harlem, New York in 1916 and the first UNIA division was formed in Harlem, New York in May 1917.

The First Red Scare
Summary of the First Red Scare: The First Red Scare (1917-1920) followed World War 1 bringing the period of anti-radical hysteria and fear that communists and anarchists were conspiring to start a workers revolution in the USA. The Red Scare was intensified by a series of terrorist attacks in the homeland during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson.

The Palmer Raids
Summary of the Palmer Raids: The Palmer Raids were made to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists following incidents in June 1919  when 8 bombs in 8 American cities exploded in minutes of each other. 

The 1920 Wall Street bombing
Summary of the 1920 Wall Street bombing: The
1920 Wall Street bombing was a terrorist attack on New York that occurred on September 16, 1920 outside the J. P. Morgan bank building killing 38 people and causing injuries to hundreds.

The Sacco and Vanzetti case
Summary of the Sacco and Vanzetti case: The Sacco and Vanzetti Case was one of the most famous and controversial trials in the history of the United States involving two Italian immigrants and self confessed anarchists and radicals.

Eugenics Movement
Summary of the Eugenics Movement: The Eugenics Movement, established in 1903, gained momentum. It was Pseudo-Scientific Racism, supported by many prominent people of the era, that fueled anti-immigrant and racist beliefs.

Resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920's
Summary of the Resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan: Fear and suspicion triggered by the anti-radical and anti-immigrant hysteria of the Red Scare led to the
Resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s.

US and the Mexican Revolution
Summary of the US and the Mexican Revolution: The
US and the Mexican Revolution (1910 - 1920) saw two episodes of intervention and involvement by the US in the Mexican Revolution led by revolutionaries including Emiliano Zapata Salazar and Francisco "Pancho" Villa. 

The Panama Canal
Summary of the Panama Canal: President Woodrow Wilson officially opened the
Panama Canal in 1920 reducing the trip  between the east and west coasts of North America by about 9,200 miles (14,800 kilometers).

US American History
1913-1928: WW1 & Prohibition
Woodrow Wilson and WW1

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