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President Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

President Thomas Jefferson:
Short biography of President Thomas Jefferson and the key events during his presidency.

Life of President Jefferson Fast Fact File
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), nicknamed the "Father of the Declaration of Independence", was the 3rd American President and served in office from 1801-1809. The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson spanned the period in United States history that encompasses the events of the Evolution Era. President Thomas Jefferson represented the Democratic-Republican political party which influenced the domestic and foreign policies of his presidency.

The major accomplishments and the main events that occurred during the time that Thomas Jefferson was president included the Barbary Wars (1801-1805), The Louisiana Purchase made (1803), The Embargo Act (1807) and the 1807 Act of Congress. Other famous events included the Lewis and Clark Expedition, the duel between Vice President Aaron Burr who shot Alexander Hamilton dead and the introduction of steamboats that revolutionized river travel and trade in the new nation.  Thomas Jefferson died of dysentery on July 4, 1826, aged 83. The next president was James Madison.

Birthday: April 13, 1743

Place of Birth: Virginia

Political Party: Democratic-Republican 

Nickname: Father of the Declaration of Independence

Number: 3rd President

Vice Presidents: Aaron Burr & George Clinton

Age at Inauguration: 57

Height: 6 feet 2.5 inches

Weight: 174 pounds

First Lady: Martha Wayles Skelton

Religion: Deist

Date of Death: July 4, 1826

Date of Thomas Jefferson Presidency: March 4, 1801 to March 4, 1809

The Nickname of Thomas Jefferson: The Father of the Declaration of Independence
The nickname of President Thomas Jefferson provides an insight into how the man was viewed by the American public during his presidency. The meaning of the nickname Father of the Declaration of Independence refers to his role as the author of this historical document for which he also had the nickname of "The Pen of the Revolution". His nickname "Sage of Monticello" is another reference to the man's great intellect meaning the sage or wise one of Monticello, the name of his Virginia plantation. The nickname "Long Tom" was in reference to his height

Character and Personality Type of Thomas Jefferson
The character traits of President Thomas Jefferson can be described as quiet, easy going, curious, highly intelligent, open and direct. It has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs personality type for Thomas Jefferson is an would be INTJ (introversion, intuition, thinking, judgment). A reserved, analytical and insightful character with a strong sense of independence. Thomas Jefferson Personality type: pragmatic, logical, individualist and creative.

Accomplishments of Thomas Jefferson and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Thomas Jefferson and the most famous events during his presidency are provided in an interesting, short summary format detailed below.

Judiciary Act of 1802
Summary of the Judiciary Act of 1802: The
Judiciary Act of 1802 was authorized on March 8, 1802 by President Thomas Jefferson, leader of the Republicans (Anti-Federalists), to repeal the Midnight Judges Act of 1802 passed by his predecessor President John Adams.

1803 Louisiana Purchase
Summary of the Louisiana Purchase: The
1803 Louisiana Purchase increased the lands of the United States by 828,000 square miles when it was sold by France to the US for 15 million dollars.

Lewis and Clark Expedition
Summary of the Lewis and Clark Expedition: The
Lewis and Clark Expedition was authorized by President Thomas Jefferson to explore the new unexplored lands purchased in the Louisiana Purchase. The expedition was headed by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark who led the Corps of Discovery, helped by Sacajawea, on the trip that began from the Missouri River to the Columbia River.  

The Aaron Burr duel
Summary of the Aaron Burr duel: The infamous
Aaron Burr duel was fought in Weehawken, New Jersey on July 11, 1804 and involved Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury, who was shot dead by Vice President Aaron Burr.

1807 Embargo Act and the 1809 Non-Intercourse Act
Summary of the 1809 Non-Intercourse Act: The
1807 Embargo Act had averted war with Britain and France but had backfired on the government by effectively strangling all American overseas trade. The Non-Intercourse Act, 1809 replaced the Embargo Act and permitted trade and commerce with the rest of the world.

Barbary Wars and Pirates
Summary of the Barbary Wars and Pirates: The
Barbary Wars and Pirates were fought along the coast of North Africa by African Pirates of the Barbary States that consisted of  Morocco, Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers. President Thomas Jefferson decided to put an end to paying tributes to the Barbary Pirates and ordered a US naval fleet, under the command of Commodore Richard Dale, to attack the Muslem pirates.

1800's Population, Cities and Travel
Summary of Population, Cities and Travel: The
US History in 1800's - Population, Cities and Travel covers the growth and progress made during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson. Towns and cities were growing but travel was difficult because there were no roads. People moved about via the rivers on flatboats or steamboats

Steamboats of the 1800's
Summary of the Steamboats of the 1800's: The
Steamboats of the 1800's revolutionized river travel and trade in the southern states. They replaced the slow flatboats and, powered by steam, made travel faster and had the advantage of also being able to travel upstream.

US American History
1801-1828: Evolution Era

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