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President Lyndon Johnson

Lyndon B Johnson

President Lyndon Johnson:
Short biography of President Lyndon Johnson and the key events during his presidency.

Life of President Lyndon Johnson for kids - Fast Fact File
Lyndon B Johnson (1908-1973), nicknamed the "Light-Bulb Lyndon", was the 36th American President and served in office from 1963-1969. The Presidency of Lyndon B Johnson spanned the period in United States history that encompasses the events of the Cold War Era and the age of the Space Race and the Cold War Arms Race.

President Lyndon B Johnson represented the Democratic political party which influenced the domestic and foreign policies of his presidency. The vision of LBJ was Great Society, a glorious America with a more equal society.

The major accomplishments and the main events that occurred during the time that Lyndon B Johnson was president included the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. The 1964 Civil Rights Act was passed and the Selma March led to the 1965 Voting Rights Act. The nation also saw the Watts Riots and the rise of the Black Power movement. The first US combat troops were sent to fight in the Vietnam War in March 1965. The younger generation found a voice and the Hippie Counterculture, the Hare Krishna movement and Beatlemania hit America. Lyndon B Johnson died of heart failure on January 22, 1973, aged 64. The next president was Richard Nixon.  

Birthday: August 27, 1908

Place of Birth: Texas

Political Party: Democratic 

Nickname: Light-Bulb Lyndon

Number: 36th President

Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey

Age at Inauguration: 55

Height: 6 feet 3 inches

Weight: 200 pounds

First Lady: Lady Bird Johnson

Religion: Disciples of Christ

Date of Death: January 22, 1973

Date of Lyndon B Johnson Presidency: November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969

The Nickname of Lyndon B Johnson: Light-Bulb Lyndon
The nickname of President Lyndon B Johnson provides an insight into how the man was viewed by the American public during his presidency. The meaning of the Lyndon Johnson nickname "Light-Bulb Lyndon" refers, was not due to amazing ideas, but to his obsession for saving electricity which led him to storm around the White House to turn off unnecessary lights.

Character and Personality Type of Lyndon B Johnson
The character traits of President Lyndon B Johnson can be described as  ambitious, stubborn, ruthless, forceful, competitive and highly ambitious. It has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs personality type for Lyndon B Johnson is an ESTP (introversion, intuition, thinking, perceiving). An outgoing, active, influential and resourceful character with the ability to improvise to achieve desired results. Lyndon B Johnson Personality type: Socially sophisticated, persuasive, competitive and easily bored.

Accomplishments of Lyndon B Johnson and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Lyndon B Johnson and the most famous events during his presidency are provided
in an interesting, short summary format detailed below.

The Cold War (1945 - 1991)
Summary of the Cold War:
The Cold War (1945 - 1991) was a 'war of words'  involving the Cold War Space Race and the Cold War Arms Race involving the nuclear build-up between the USA and the West and the Communist countries dominated by the USSR and China in the East. Lyndon B Johnson was one of the nine US Presidents who were in office during the dangerous period in history known as the Cold War in which the US adopted the policy of Containment to restrict the spread of communism abroad.

The Vietnam War (1955 - 1975)
Summary of the Vietnam War: The
Vietnam War (November 1, 1955 April 30, 1975) between communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong communist guerrillas (backed by China and the USSR) against the non-communist South Vietnam (supported by US military aid and involvement). There were four US presidents during the Vietnam War: Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon  The first US combat troops were sent to Vietnam in March 1965 and left in August 1973.

The Clean Air Act (1963)
Summary of the Clean Air Act: The Clean Air Act was authorized by Lyndon B Johnson establishing funding for the the research and clean-up of air pollution.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Summary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964 ending the power of the Jim Crow laws racial segregation and discrimination.

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
Summary of the EEOC: The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)  was created under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to investigate charges of unlawful employment practices and try to reach voluntary settlements through conciliation.

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
Summary of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed on August 10, 1964, giving President Lyndon B Johnson a free hand to escalate the war in Vietnam. The resolution followed the attack by three North Vietnamese torpedo boats on the American destroyer USS Maddox on August 2, 1964 and another attack on the USS Turner Joy on 4 August 1964.

The Hippie Counterculture (1964-1972)
Summary of the Hippie Counterculture: The Hippie Counterculture (1964-1972) brought in the era of Flower Power, hippies and the student movement who began to openly criticize and reject conventional values, the existing political and social system during the presidency of Lyndon Johnson.

The Hare Krishna movement
Summary of the Hare Krishna movement: The Hare Krishna movement emerged during the Hippie Counterculture as young people rejected materialism and embraced spirituality. The Hare Krishna cult was based on an Indian Hindu sect and worshipped the Hindu god Krishna and emulated the style of worship, dress, diet and lifestyle of its followers in India.

Summary of Beatlemania: The British pop group, the Beatles, arrived at New York's JFK airport on February 7, 1964 and Beatlemania spread to the United States during the presidency of Lyndon B Johnson. 

The Great Society (1965)
Summary of the Great Society: The Great Society was the vision of LBJ  expressed in his State of the Union address on January 7, 1965. It encompassed his domestic policy with new programs to help disadvantaged Americans and to realize his vision of a glorious America with a more perfect and equitable society. To realize his vision of a Great Society President Lyndon B Johnson passed numerous legislation between 1963-1968 for new programs in relation to Education, Health and Welfare (Medicare and Medicaid), Housing, Environmental and Consumer Protection. The Office of Economic Opportunity were established by Lyndon B Johnson to fight the "War on Poverty".

Selma March (March 1965)
Summary of the Selma March: The
Selma March was a series of three freedom marches in 1965 from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama as part of the Voting Rights Movement. The first Selma march on March 7, 1965 was met with violence and hostility. The extensive media coverage of the first Selma March, which became known as "Bloody Sunday", resulted in support for the marchers across the country.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965
Summary of the Voting Rights Act of 1965: The
Voting Rights Act of 1965 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on August 6, 1965 to prevent discrimination and protect voting rights.

The Watts Riots (1965)
Summary of the Watts Riots: The Watts Riots (August 11, 1965 - August 17, 1965) erupted in an African American neighborhood in Los Angeles during the presidency of Lyndon B Johnson. The intensity and violence and  of the Watts Riots shocked the nation and resulted in resulted in 34 deaths, over 1,000 injuries and the destruction of property valued at $45 million.

The National Organization for Women (NOW): 1966
Summary of NOW: The National Organization for Women was established in 1966 by Betty Friedan to promote equal rights and equality of opportunity.

My Lai Massacre (1968)
Summary of the My Lai Massacre: The My Lai Massacre took place on March 16, 1968 and involved the mass killing of unarmed Vietnamese people by American troops. The My Lai Massacre was a turning point in the public perception of the Vietnam War.

Tet Offensive (1968)
Summary of the Tet Offensive: The Tet Offensive (January 30, 1968 - September 23, 1968) was a massive surprise attack, launched by the communist North Vietnamese and Viet Cong guerrilla forces.  The North Vietnamese gained a massive psychological victory,   contradicting optimistic claims by the U.S. government, Lyndon B Johnson and the US military that the Vietnam War was all but over.

MLK Assassination
Summary of the MLK Assassination: The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. happened on April 4, 1968. James Earl Ray, a petty criminal and confirmed racist, was convicted of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

US American History
1945-1989: Cold War Era

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