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Second New Deal Programs

Franklin D Roosevelt

Second New Deal Programs: Franklin D Roosevelt was the 32nd American President who served in office from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945. One of the important events during his presidency was the implementation of the Second New Deal Programs that encompassed his strategies of Relief, Recovery and Reform to combat the problems and effects of the Great Depression.

Definition and Summary of the Second New Deal Programs
Summary and definition:
The Second New Deal Programs were launched in reaction to political opposition to FDR's New Deal from Congress, the Supreme Court, various political factions and criticism from the public.

The Second New Deal Programs focused on social reform together with policies to speed up the nation's recovery from the Great Depression. The most important legislation passed during this time included the Social Security Act, the Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act), the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the Fair Labor Standards Act which abolished child labor and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA).

Facts about Second New Deal Programs
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on Second New Deal Programs.

April 1935 - Works Progress Administration (WPA) combated unemployment by providing light construction jobs for millions of unskilled workers.

August 1935 - Social Security Act established an unemployment insurance system, a national pension fund and benefits for victims of industrial accidents. It created the Social Security Administration (SSA), later called the FSA

July 1935 - The 1935 Wagner Act also known as the 1935 National Labor Relations Act  created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRA) to protect the rights or organized labor and to organize collective bargaining

The 1935 Public Utility Holding Company Act (PUHCA) eliminated unfair practices and regulated utility companies

The 1935 Resettlement Administration (RA) was a New Deal U.S. federal agency that was established to relocate struggling families to communities planned by the federal government.

The 1935 Banking Act of 1935 completed the restructuring of the financial system begun during the Hoover administration and strengthened the Federal Reserve.

May 1936 - Rural Electrification Administration (REA) was established to supply electricity to rural agricultural communities. This Second New Deal program resulted in 98% of American farms being equipped with electric power

The 1936 Undistributed profits tax was a revenue program to give corporations an incentive to distribute earnings, giving individuals more spending power

The 1936 Anti-Price Discrimination Act strengthened Federal Trade Commission regulation of chain stores & monopolies

The Housing Act of 1937 was designed to lend money to the states or communities for low-cost construction for the nation's poor. The legislation created the first United States Housing Authority (USHA) to build public housing

The 1937 Farm Tenancy Act gave aid to poor farmers renting land and the 1937 Farm Security Administration (FSA) was created to provide loans for tenants to purchase farms

The 1938 Food Drug Cosmetic Act authorized the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics

The 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act provided more protection for workers setting limits on maximum hours, minimum wages and abolished child labor

US American History
1929-1945: Depression & WW2

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