Hailed as the most luxurious and safest liner - "designed to be unsinkable". The ship was built by Harland & Wolff in Belfast, part of the White Star Line. It was designed by William Pirrie, Thomas Andrews and Alexander Carlisle Southampton-New York "shuttle" service. The ship took three years to build by 14,000 workers. The Titanic ship set sail on Wednesday, 10th April 1912 from Southampton on her maiden voyage to America. It struck an iceberg on 15 April 1912.
The "unsinkable" Titanic took 2 hours and 40 minutes to sink. A total of 1503 people died during the disaster, there were 703 survivors - refer to the Sinking of the Titanic.
Titanic Ship Facts for kids: FAQ's
Who built the Titanic ship? The famous Titanic ship was commissioned by the White Star Line and the builder was Harland & Wolff
Who designed the Titanic ship? The Titanic ship was designed by Thomas Andrews, William Pirrie and Alexander Carlisle.
Who was the Captain of the Titanic ship? Captain Edward J. Smith was the captain of the Titanic, who went down with the ship
Where is the Titanic ship now? The wreck of the RMS Titanic ship is located about 370 miles (600 km) south-southeast of Newfoundland, North Atlantic Ocean
What was the name of the Titanic's sister ship? The name of the most famous sister ship was the RMS Olympic, but the RMS Britannic was another sister ship of the Titanic. The trio of ships were Olympic-class ocean liners built by the Harland & Wolff shipyard for the White Star Line.
10 Fast Facts about the Titanic Ship
Capacity: Up to 2500 passengers and 900 crew
Cost: The cost to build the ship was $10,000,000
Size: 882 ft 9 in (269.1 m) long, 175 ft (53.3 m)
Number of Decks: 9
Cruising Speed: 22.5 knots
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast
Builders: 14,000 men worked on the construction
4 Funnels (smokestacks): 62 feet tall and 22 feet in diameter.
29 boilers and 159 furnaces
Lifeboats: 20 lifeboats (total capacity 1,178)
Titanic Ship Facts
Building the Titanic ship: The building of the ship was commissioned in 1908 by the White Star Line and built in the Harland & Wolff yards, Belfast, Ireland
Building of the Titanic ship: The keel (the steel structure along the base of the ship) was laid in the summer of 1909. The ship took three years to build and was completed in February, 1912
Sister Ship: The Titanic was the second of three large, luxury liners built that were intended to work the Southampton-New York "shuttle" service.
Sister Ship: The Olympic was the first of the White Star Liners (launched 20th October 1910 ), the Titanic was the second (launched 31st May 1911) and the Britannic was the third (launched on 26th February 1914)
Sister Ship: The Olympic and the Titanic were intended to eclipse the rival Cunard liners, Lusitania and Mauritania, on the North Atlantic run from Europe to the US.
The RMS Titanic was designed to be the world's largest passenger steamship. The 1910 White Star Line brochure for the twin sister ships stated "these two wonderful vessels are designed to be unsinkable."
What does "RMS" stand for on ships? RMS stands for Royal Mail Ship or Royal Mail Steamer. These are vessels that carry mail under contract to the British Royal Mail. 3,364 bags of mail and between 700 and 800 parcels were lost when the Titanic sank.
Length: The ship was a four-funneled vessel, 882 ft 9 in (269.1 m) long, equivalent to about 4 city blocks. Height: The distance from the keel to the top of the funnels was 175 feet.
Who owned the Titanic? The Titanic and White Star Line stock was owned by the International Mercantile Marine Company (IMMCO), an American corporation. The name Titanic comes from Titan, a powerful god of ancient Greeks, and also means, “One gigantic in size or power.”
The Titanic was launched on May 31, 1911 at 12:15 pm. The ship left Belfast and headed for Southampton, England on April 2, 1912. It arrived in Southampton on April 3, 1912 and left Southampton on its maiden voyage on Wednesday, April 10, 1912 at 12:00 Noon. The Titanic stopped at Cherbourg, France and Queenstown (currently known as Cobh), Ireland to pick up passengers and on Thursday, April 11, 1912 set sail for New York.
The passengers on the Titanic were divided into three separate classes, determined not only by the price of their ticket but by social class and wealth. The Cost of a ticket (one way) on the Titanic was as follows:
Decks: There were nine decks, described from top to bottom of the ship as:
The Grand Staircase: The fabulous Grand Staircase was located between the first and second funnels and was where the 1st class passengers boarded the Titanic ship. The Grand Staircase was 13 feet wide and was over 60 feet high and was decorated with oak paneling and gilded balustrades. It provided access to 7 decks. The ceiling of the Grand Staircase was a massive glass dome which contained a large crystal chandelier.
Another staircase, for the use of second class passengers, was located between the third and forth funnels.
The Boat Deck consisted of the Bridge where the ship was steered, the officer's quarters, the lifeboats, the radio room and the gymnasium.
The Promenade Deck of the ship consisted of much of the First Class rooms - the Verandah Cafe and Palm Court, 1st class staterooms, 1st class reading and writing rooms, 1st class lounge and the 1st class smoking room.
Bridge Deck consisted of the 1st class à la Carte restaurant, the Café Parisien restaurant, the 1st class suites; two first class "millionaire" suites and the 2nd class smoking room. The picture on the left shows the 1st class à la Carte restaurant on the Titanic. Situated outside the first class À la Carte Restaurant was the Café Parisien. The large picture windows of the Café Parisien gave diners a view of the sea while dining.
The Shelter Deck of the ship contained more 1st class suites, cabins for the passenger's maids and servants, the 1st class barber shop, the Doctor's office, the Purser's office, the 2nd class library; 3rd class social room and the 3rd class smoking room
The Saloon Deck contained the 1st class dining room and reception room, the 1st and 2nd class bakery and butcher shops, the hospital complete with an operating table, 1st and 2nd class kitchens and pantries, 1st, 2nd and 3rd class rooms and crew quarters.
The Upper Deck of the ship contained 1st, 2nd and 3rd class rooms, crew quarters and the 2nd class barber shop.
The Middle Deck contained the Swimming pool, a Turkish bath; 2nd and 3rd class rooms; crew quarters, the 3rd class dining room; 3rd class kitchen, 3rd class bakery and butcher shop
The Lower Deck of the ship contained the Post Office, Squash racquet court, food freezers and coolers, the baggage rooms, cargo hold, crew quarters and some 3rd class rooms.
The Orlop Deck contained the Engine and boiler rooms, coal bunkers, fresh water tanks, food storage, the wine cellar, cargo hold and baggage rooms.
The two 38 ton wing propellers were accompanied by a center steam turbine propeller. The Titanic had 4 elevators (three in First class and one in Second class).
The Titanic ship was commanded by Captain Edward J. Smith, the White Star admiral, who had previously been on the Olympic ship.
Notable Crew Members of the ship: Dan Phillips was chief wireless operator, with Harold Bride as assistant. Robert Hitchens was the Quartermaster and Frederick Fleet was the Lookout
Engines: 2 x four-cylinder steam reciprocating engines and one low pressure turbine engine
The Titanic ship held 6,000 tons of coal to feed her 29 coal-fired boilers.
Provisions: The Titanic ship carried a 100,000 pounds of beef, 30,000 eggs, 50 tons of potatoes, 1000 pounds of tea, 1200 quarts of cream.
The china, glass, cutlery and plate on the ship amounted to some 90,000 pieces.
The restaurant had a private promenade deck on the starboard side, to be used exclusively by its patrons.
The Titanic ship had a refrigerating plant, which comprised of a huge ice-making and refrigerating machine and a number of provision rooms on the lower and Orlop decks. There were separate cold rooms for vegetables, fruit, butter, bacon, cheese, beef, mutton, poultry, game, fish, flowers, mineral water, wine, spirits and champagne. All of the cold rooms maintained at different temperatures most suitable to each.
The choices of food on the First-Class Dining Room menu for the last dinner served on Titanic on April 14, 1912.
The famous ship sailed at noon on Wednesday, 10th April 1912 from Southampton on her maiden voyage to America. There were 337 1st Class passengers, 285 2nd Class passengers, 721 3rd Class passengers and 885 Crew members.
The "unsinkable" Titanic ship took 2 hours and 40 minutes to sink after hitting the iceberg at 11.40pm on 15 April 1912. 1503 people died, there were only 703 survivors.
|US American History|
|1881-1913: Maturation Era|
|Sinking of the Titanic|