War was declared by President James Madison on June 18, 1812 and lasted for 2 years and 8 months and resulted in a Military stalemate. The Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24, 1814.
Cause of the War of 1812
Facts about the War of 1812 for kids: The 1807 Embargo Act and the Non Intercourse Act of 1809
Facts about the War of 1812 for kids: The Reasons for the War of 1812
Facts about the War of 1812: The Invasion of Canada
Facts about the War of 1812 for kids: The British and the Chesapeake
Facts about the War of 1812: Result of the War of 1812 - Stalemate
Facts about the War of 1812 for kids
The problems between the US, France and Britain, began at the start of the Napoleonic Wars in 1803. The two mighty nations were 'throwing their weight around' and treating the new US nation with no respect.
The goal of Embargo Act of 1807 was to stop France and Britain restricting American Trade. It failed and damaged US commerce and nearly led to New England ceding from the Union
The Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 succeed in improving US trade but failed to establish good relations with the British
The British attacked US and Impressed American seamen. The USS Chesapeake was fired on by the British HMS Leopard causing an international incident in 1807
The Battle of Tippecanoe (November 1811), is considered the first battle of the War of 1812, and was blamed on the interference of the British in Canada who had secretly given aid to Tecumseh.
America declared war on Great Britain on June 18, 1812, encouraged by the words of the 'war-hawks'. The War of 1812 lasted for 2 years and 8 months and involved the invasion of Canada.
Some Americans were opposed to the War of 1812 and riots broke out in Baltimore in protest against the conflict
The American plan of campaign in the War of 1812 was the invasion of Canada. General Hull invaded Canada from Detroit. Another US army which was to cross the Niagara River. The armies would join a third army from New York
The objective of the campaign was that the 3 armies would capture Montreal and Quebec and then the rest of Canada. The British mounted operations on the Canadian frontier but also tried to capture New Orleans and the cities on Chesapeake Bay.
General Hull surrendered at Detroit and the British gained control of the upper lakes
In the winter of 1812-13 Captain Oliver Hazard Perry built a fleet of warships and defeated the British on Lake Erie.
General Harrison occupied Detroit and then crossed into Canada defeating a British army on the banks of the river Thames
In April, 1813 U.S. troops capture and burn the city of York (present-day Toronto)
Captain Perry defeated the British at the Battle of Lake Erie in September 1813
In July, 1814, the US forces along the Niagara River, under General Jacob Brown won victories at the Battles of Chippawa and Lundy's Lane
Between August 24-25, 1814 the British forces undertake the Burning of Washington DC in retaliation for the burning of York (Toronto). The defeat closed the British operations on the Chesapeake
The Battle of Baltimore took place in September 1814 at Fort McHenry, where Francis Scott Key wrote The Star Spangled Banner.
The Federalists who opposed the War of 1812 held a series of secret meetings at the Hartford Convention
In January, 1815 General Andrew Jackson defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans - General Jackson did not learn of the treaty until after the Battle of New Orleans
What treaty ended the war of 1812? In February, 1815 the Peace Treaty of Ghent was ratified and President James Madison declared the War of 1812 over.
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