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President Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt

President Theodore Roosevelt: Short biography of President Theodore Roosevelt and the key events during his presidency.

Life of President Roosevelt Fast Fact File
Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), nicknamed "Teddy", was the 26th American President and served in office from 1901-1909. The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt spanned the period in United States history that encompasses the events of the Maturation Era or the Gilded Age. President Theodore Roosevelt represented the Republican political party which influenced the domestic policies of his presidency such as his Square Deal Domestic Policy and Progressive Reforms of the Progressive Movement.

Teddy Roosevelt was a great environmentalist and advocate of the Conservation Movement, passing the National Monuments Act in 1906, the same year that he won the Nobel Peace Prize. and first National Monuments such as the Devils Tower and the Grand Canyon were proclaimed. The great 1906 Francisco Earthquake also occurred during the Theodore Roosevelt presidency. The other major accomplishments and the famous, main events that occurred during era included the Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902, the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), the Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) and the Panic of 1907. The Immigration Act of 1907 was also passed and the Dillingham Commission stirred up a storm regarding Old Immigrants vs New Immigrants. Theodore Roosevelt died of a coronary embolism on January 6, 1919, aged 60. The next president was William Taft.

Birthday: October 27, 1858

Place of Birth: New York

Political Party: Republican 

Nickname: Teddy

Number: 26th President

Vice President: Charles W. Fairbanks

Age at Inauguration: 42

Height: 5 feet 10 inches

Weight: 210 pounds

First Lady: Edith Kermit Roosevelt

Religion: Dutch Reformed

Date of Death: January 6, 1919

Date of Theodore Roosevelt Presidency: September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909

The Nickname of Theodore Roosevelt: Teddy
The nickname of President Theodore Roosevelt provides an insight into how the man was viewed by the American public during his presidency. The meaning of the Theodore Roosevelt nickname "Teddy" refers to the publication of a cartoon that showed him sparing the life of a baby bear cub whilst on a hunting trip. Other nicknames included "The Rough Rider" in reference to his leadership of 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, known as the Rough Riders during the Spanish–American War.

Character and Personality Type of Theodore Roosevelt
The character traits of President Theodore Roosevelt can be described as outgoing, adventurous, gregarious, highly ambitious, forceful, decisive, brave and charming. Teddy had a photographic memory which gave him the ability to recall text or images with great precision. t has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs personality type for Theodore Roosevelt is an ENTP (extroversion, intuition, thinking, perception). An outgoing character with a strong desire to improve the world they live in. Theodore Roosevelt Personality type: Loyal, innovative, flexible, rational and resourceful.

Accomplishments of Theodore Roosevelt and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Theodore Roosevelt and the most famous events during his presidency are provided
in an interesting, short summary format detailed below.

Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902
Summary of the Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902: The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902  threatened a national coal shortage. President Roosevelt intervened in the dispute and the hard-coal miners ened the strike with a 10% increase in wages and the reduction of an hour in their working day. 

The Progressive Movement
Summary of the Progressive Movement: The
Progressive Movement escalated during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt backing social reform issues relating to education, female suffrage, working conditions and child labor. Issue relating to unionization, urbanization and industrialization came under the spotlight. The Progressive Movement called for political reforms attacking bribery and corruption, the political machines and the regulation of corporations and unfair business practices.  

Progressive Reforms
Summary of Progressive Reforms: Many Progressive Reforms were sparked by the political philosophy of Progressivism beginning during the administration of President Roosevelt and continuing during the presidencies of President Taft and President Wilson.

The Muckrakers
Summary of the Muckrakers: The Muckrakers was the nickname given to crusading journalists, photographers and authors who highlighted the social issues and injustices of society during the Progressive Era and the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt.

1904 Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Summary of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: The
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine was the speech made to Congress on 12 June,1904 in which Theodore Roosevelt asserted the right of the United States to intervene in Latin America

1904 Northern Securities Case
Summary of the 1904 Northern Securities Case: The 1904 Northern Securities Case involved President Roosevelt's action in his “trust-busting” efforts to break up monopolies, against J.P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act . Hi action resulted in his nickname "Trustbuster".

The Niagara Movement - 1905
Summary of the Niagara Movement: The Civil Rights Movement began to grow in pace and the Niagara Movement, a black civil rights organization, was founded by W.E.B. Du Bois in 1905 which became a forerunner of the NAACP.

Square Deal Domestic Policy - 1906
Summary of the Square Deal Domestic Policy: The
Square Deal Domestic Policy was introduced by reformist Theodore Roosevelt to curtail the power of the corporations, provide consumer protection and to work towards the conservation of natural resources. "Square Deal" was the slogan of his successful 1906 presidential campaign.

1906 Pure Food and Drug Act
Summary of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act: The 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act was aimed at Consumer Protection and prohibited the interstate transport and sale of impure, contaminated food on June 30, 1906, the same day as the Meat Inspection Act..

1906 Federal Meat Inspection Act
Summary of the 1906 Federal Meat Inspection Act: The 1906 Federal Meat Inspection Act
, another Consumer Protection law, authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.

1906 San Francisco Earthquake
Summary of the San Francisco Earthquake: The
San Francisco Earthquake hit the city of San Francisco on 18 April 1906 and was followed by a terrifying firestorm. San Francisco Earthquake led to the death of 3000 people and countless injuries. 225,000 (over half the population of the city) were made homeless by the firestorm fire.

Panic of 1907
Summary of the Panic of 1907: The
Panic of 1907, aka the Bankers' Panic or Knickerbocker Crisis, followed the devastation of the San Francisco Earthquake during the Theodore Roosevelt presidency in which many insurance companies went bankrupt and Stock Market shares began to fall.

1909: NAACP
Summary of the NAACP: The NAACP was formed in 1909. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) fought for civil rights including the elimination of racial discrimination and desegregation and fair voter registration. Its goal was the advancement of African Americans through lobbying, legal action, and education.

The Conservation Movement
Summary of the Conservation Movement: President Theodore Roosevelt was a leader in the Conservation Movement and fighting to end the waste of natural resources and to preserve important natural features in America. Conservation was a cornerstone of his domestic policy during his presidency. The Conservation Movement advocated the establishment of state and national and state parks, wildlife refuges and national monuments.

Environmentalism
Summary of Environmentalism: The Environmentalism was closely associated with the Conservation Movement and strongly supported by President Theodore Roosevelt. Environmentalists adhered to the belief that the natural world  should be protected from destruction or pollution.

1906 National Monuments Act (Antiquities Act)
Summary of the National Monuments Act (Antiquities Act): The National Monuments Act (Antiquities Act) was passed on June 8, 1906 by Theodore Roosevelt. The purpose of the 1906 National Monuments Act was to give authority to the president, by executive order or proclamation, to restrict the use of specific public lands owned by the federal government for the preservation of historic, prehistoric, and scientific interest.

The Devils Tower
Summary of Devils Tower: The Devils Tower in Wyoming was proclaimed the nation's first National Monument on September 24, 1906 during the Theodore Roosevelt presidency.

The Grand Canyon
Summary of the Grand Canyon: President Theodore Roosevelt created the Grand Canyon Game Preserve by proclamation in 1906 and the Grand Canyon National Monument in 1908.

Immigration Act of 1907
Summary of the Immigration Act of 1907: The Immigration Act of 1907, passed on February 20, 1907, was  aimed at further restricting the increasing number of immigrants and created of the Dillingham Commission to review U.S. immigration policy.

The 1911 Dillingham Commission Report
Summary of the Dillingham Commission: The 41 volume Dillingham Commission was completed in 1911and concluded that immigration from southern and eastern Europe posed a serious threat to American society and culture and should therefore be greatly reduced.

Old Immigrants vs New Immigrants
Summary of the Old Immigrants vs New Immigrants: The 1911  Dillingham Commission Report raised the issue of Old Immigrants vs New Immigrants during the Theodore Roosevelt presidency and the effect on the social, cultural, economic, and moral welfare of the nation. The Dillingham Commission Report favored the "old immigrant" who had come from North Western areas of Europe. The "new immigrant" came from South Eastern areas of Europe and other parts of the world and that these immigrants posed a serious threat to American society and should therefore be greatly reduced.

Nativism in America
Summary of Nativism in America: The rise of Nativism in America during the Theodore Roosevelt presidency was fueled by the Dillingham Commission Report and resulted in a widespread attitude that rejected alien persons, or culture, and led to xenophobia and new, stringent laws being passed to restrict immigration.

Social Darwinism
Summary of Social Darwinism: Social Darwinism was a theory about evolution that gained momentum during the Progressive era. Its advocates believed that social progress resulted from conflicts in which the fittest, or best adapted, individuals, or societies, would triumph, giving rise to the slogan "survival of the fittest."

1903: The Wright Brothers first powered airplane flight
Summary of the Wright Brothers: An important event during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt was the first powered airplane flight by the Wright Brothers on December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk in Dare County, North Carolina.

1908: Henry Ford and the Model T
Summary of Henry Ford and the Model T: The Henry Ford and the Model T revolutionized transport during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt when the 'Tin Lizzie' was introduced to Americans as the first affordable automobile using the assembly line system. The first Ford Model T  went on sale on September 27, 1908 and by 1913 200,000 Ford Model T automobiles had been produced.
 

US American History
1881-1913: Maturation Era

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