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Reconstruction Era (1866 - 1881)

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Reconstruction Era: The articles in this section on United States History for Kids relate to the dates covered from 1866-1881 the Reconstruction Era and start of the Gilded Age.

Definition and Summary of the Reconstruction Era and the Gilded Age (1866 - 1881)
Summary and definition:
This was the period in American History when the Southern States were occupied by Federal troops as the state governments, their economies and the infrastructures were rebuilt. It was also the period in American history that saw the emergence of the Carpetbaggers, the Scalawags, the Black Codes, the Ku Klux Klan and the Jim Crow Laws.

The leaders of the country who were elected president during the Reconstruction Era, and helped to make United States History, were Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant and the end of the Reconstruction era during the presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes followed by the assassination of James Garfield. The Reconstruction Era led on to the Gilded Age.

President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Era: Andrew Johnson Presidency (1865-1869)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Andrew Johnson includes the Reconstruction, 13th Amendment ratified, The Fourteenth Amendment 1866, Ku Klux Klan, The Reconstruction Acts, 1867, The Purchase of Alaska and the Impeachment of Johnson - United States History for Kids.

President Andrew Johnson
Reconstruction Era and Timeline
The Wild West
Cowboys of the Old West
Cowboy Clothes 1800s
The Black Codes
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Civil Rights Act of 1866 Text
The Ku Klux Klan
Carpetbaggers
Scalawags
The Reconstruction Acts
Tenure of Office Act
The Purchase of Alaska
Seward's Folly
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

President Ulysses S. Grant and the Reconstruction Era: Ulysses S. Grant Presidency (1869-1873) & (1873-1877)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Ulysses S Grant includes the Fifteenth Amendment, The Black Friday Scandal, Credit Mobilier Scandal, Whiskey Ring Scandal, Battle of Little Bighorn and the Belknap Bribery Scandal. This period is sometimes referred to as the Gilded Age.

President Ulysses Grant
Women's suffrage
Black Segregation History
Segregation History Timeline
Black Populism
Enforcement Acts including the Ku Klux Klan Act
The Panic of 1873
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Transcontinental Railroad
The Molly Maguires
Knights of Labor
Jim Crow Laws
1869 Black Friday Scandal
Credit Mobilier Scandal
Great Chicago Fire of 1871
Whiskey Ring Scandal
Battle of Little Bighorn
Belknap Bribery Scandal
Grantism
Sharecropping and Tenant Farming

President Rutherford Hayes and the Reconstruction Era: Rutherford Hayes Presidency (1877-1881)
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Rutherford B Hayes includes the Compromise of 1881 - End of Reconstruction, Great Railroad Strike of 1881 and Civil Service Reforms.

President Rutherford Hayes
The Compromise of 1877 - End of Reconstruction
Great Railroad Strike of 1877
Rise of Big Business and Corporations
Captains of Industry
The Robber Barons
The Great Migration of the Exodusters

President James Garfield and the Gilded Age: United States History from 1866 - 1881
Important events in United States History during the presidency of James Garfield includes the assassination of the president by Charles Julius Guiteau.

President James Garfield
Assassination of James Garfield
 

The Gilded Age: United States History
The period after Reconstruction is often referred to as the 'Gilded Age'. The 'Gilded Age' was a sarcastic term coined by Mark Twain to describe the time when many acquired wealth and opulent lifestyles through bribery and corruption. These people lived a golden existence but it was merely a facade of gold paint (gild) that covered over a multitude of crime, fraud and corruption.

Industrial Revolution Inventions
Industrialization in America
US Labor Unions History
Rise of Big Business and Corporations
1800's Child Labor in America
1881-1913: Maturation Era - aka the Gilded Age
United States History
The following link provides access to all the most important events of each of the presidencies in the history of the United States of America.
US American History

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