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Women's Suffrage

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Women's Suffrage: One of the important events during the late 1870's was the emergence of the Women's suffrage issue.

Definition and Summary of the Women's Suffrage
Summary and definition:
The word 'suffrage' means the right to vote. The issue of women's suffrage, meaning the right of a woman to vote, reached a high level of prominence when the 15th Amendment (which was passed in on February 26, 1869 and ratified on February 3, 1870) granted the right to vote to former slaves, but not to women. Advocates of women's suffrage were outraged and agitation by women for suffrage became increasingly vocal and more women's suffrage movements emerged.

Women's suffrage for kids: Suffragette Timeline and Fact Sheet
Interesting Women's Suffrage Timeline Facts for kids are detailed below. The history of Women's Suffrage Movement in the United States is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the famous women and events relating to their fight for the right of women to vote.

1800: Many social reform movements such as the Anti-Slavery Abolitionist movement and the Women's suffrage movement were sparked by the Christian revivalist movement referred to as the Second Great Awakening.

1848: Various women's suffrage movements had slowly emerged in the United States during the 1800's but the demand for the enfranchisement of American women was first seriously formulated during a Women's rights convention that was held at Seneca Falls on July 19th and 20th 1848.

1848: The Seneca Falls Convention was organized by with Elizabeth Cady Stanton who was supported by a group of female Quakers. Lucretia Mott was a speaker at the Seneca Falls Convention.

1848: Important American suffragists like Lucy Stone and Antoinette Brown influenced the female organizers of the Seneca Falls Convention

1848: Elizabeth Cady Stanton presented her Declaration of Sentiments at the Seneca Falls Convention and is credited with initiating the first organized women's rights and women's suffrage movements in the United States

1848: Elizabeth Cady Stanton's Declaration of Sentiments created the agenda of women's activism for many years in the United States. The Declaration of Sentiments also included two Resolutions which protested against man's usurpation of rights relating to a woman's position in church and to a woman's role under God.

1849: In 1849, Lucretia  Mott delivered the Discourse on Woman Speech which discussed the activities of various women who appear in the Bible arguing that the Bible supported woman's right to speak aloud her spiritual beliefs.

1850: The first National Women's Rights Convention was held at Worcester, Massachusetts with a strong presence and firm alliance with the Abolitionist Movement. Suffragists and abolitionists such as Paulina Wright Davis, Abby Kelley Foster, Lucy Stone and Sojourner Truth all attended the conference.

1851 Sojourner Truth delivered her famous speech "Ain't I a Woman?" at the Women's Convention in Akron, Ohio in December, 1851

1851: The second National Women's Rights Convention meets at Worcester, Massachusetts. Participants include women’s rights activist and New York Tribune columnist Elizabeth Oaks Smith

1851: Elizabeth Cady Stanton meets Susan B. Anthony who becomes her lifelong friend both working in in the field of women's rights

1852: "Uncle Tom's Cabin"  by Harriet Beecher Stowe is serialized in a weekly abolitionist paper called 'The National Era' and published as a novel in 1852.

1852: Clara Howard Nichols presented the issue of women's property rights to the Vermont Senate

1857: The Married Woman’s Property Bill is passed in Congress that allows women can how sue, be sued, make contracts, inherit and bequeath property.

1861 - 1865: The women of the nation are occupied by the horrors of the Civil War

1866: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony initiated the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for both African Americans and women

1868:  Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony begin publishing a women's rights newspaper called 'The Revolution'.

1868: The 14th Amendment regarding Citizenship Rights is ratified on July 9, 1868 in which voters are exclusively referred to as male. This was the first time, an Amendment added the word "male" into the US Constitution refer to Section 2 of the 14th Amendment

1868: Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and other like minded suffragists of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), refused to endorse the 14th amendment because it did not give women the right to vote.

1868: Other suffragists such as Lucy Stone and Julia Ward Howe, argued that once the black man was enfranchised, women would achieve their objective. This group of women created the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA), which aimed to secure the vote for women through state legislation.

1868: The early women's rights movements therefore split into two and would not merge until 1890.

1869: Wyoming Governor John Allen Campbell extended the right to vote to women on December 10, 1869, making Wyoming the first territory and then U.S. state to grant suffrage to women - Wyoming's nickname is the "Equality State".

1870:  Another cause for the split was the passing of the 15th Amendment that was ratified on February 3, 1870 which prohibited the denial of suffrage because of race, but not because of gender.

1870: The Woman's Journal is established, edited by Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, and Mary Livermore. (It will later become the official paper of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, when the suffrage organizations merge).

1871: Victoria Woodhull addressed the House Judiciary Committee, arguing women’s rights to vote under the 14th amendment.

1872: Susan B. Anthony was arrested for voting in her hometown of Rochester, New York, and convicted in a widely publicized trial.

1872: Abigail Scott Duniway, an American women's rights advocate, newspaper editor ,  influences Oregon politicians to pass laws granting a married woman’s rights such as starting and running her own business, control of money earned, and the right to protect her property if her husband leaves. Abigail Scott Duniway would later be asked her to write and sign the equal suffrage proclamation when Oregon became the 7th state in the U.S. to pass a women's suffrage amendment.

1873:  Susan B. Anthony delivers her After Being Convicted Of Voting in the 1872 Presidential Election Speech

1876:  Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton began working with Matilda Joslyn Gage on what grew into the six-volume History of Woman Suffrage.

1876: Susan B. Anthony and Matilda Joslyn Gage disrupted the official Centennial program in Philadelphia, presenting a “Declaration of Rights for Women” to the Vice President Henry Wilson

1878: The 'Susan B. Anthony Amendment' was introduced to Congress in 1878 by Senator A.A. Sargent of California and later became the basis of the 19th amendment to the United States Constitution - the Women's suffrage amendment.

1882: The Senate appoints a Select Committee on Woman Suffrage due to pressure from the Women's Suffrage movements

1887: The first vote on woman suffrage is taken in the Senate on January 25, 1887, where it is defeated 34 to 16.

1890:  The American Woman Suffrage Association and the National Woman Suffrage Association merge, becoming the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). The NAWSA fought for Women's suffrage during the Progressive Movement.

1895: The Woman's Bible, written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and a committee of 26 women, is published to challenge the traditional position of religious orthodoxy that women should be subservient to men.

1897: Other women opposed suffrage. The New York State Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage was founded in 1897 led by Helen Kendrick Johnson

1910: The first suffrage parade was held in New York City, organized by the Women's Political Union.

1913: A delegation of suffragists presented petitions signed by 200,000 Americans to the Senate

1913: The National Woman's Party was founded by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns as a support of the National American Woman Suffrage Association for the exclusive purpose of securing passage of a federal amendment

1915: A tour by suffragists, headed by Mabel Vernon and Sara Bard Field, gather over a half-million signatures on petitions to put to Congress.

1917: Jeannette Rankin of Montana was the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress on April 2, 1917,

1917: National Woman's Party pickets cause concern and women are charged with obstructing traffic. Picketing took place in public places such as outside the White House

1917: Pickets refuse to pay $25 fines and are sentenced to up to six months in jail. Radical protests include hunger strikes

1917: Alice Paul was one of the hunger strikers. She had previously met Emmeline Pankhurst, the founder of the British suffrage movement who were experiencing the barbaric, harsh treatment of force feeding hunger strikers

1917: Newspapers printed stories about the women’s harsh treatment in jail and the women's rights movement gained sympathy and support.

1917: 28 November, 1917: The public outcry was so fierce that the government unconditionally released the female pickets. Names of the suffragette prisoners included Havemeyer, Rogers, Milholland, Winsor, Mabel Vernon

1919 The most prominent National Woman’s Party suffrage prisoners (including Louisine Havemeyer, Elizabeth Rogers, Vida Milholland, Mary Winsor, Mable Vernon) toured the country on a train called the “Prison Special.” The train's slogan was "From Prison to People"

1918: President Woodrow Wilson states his first public support of the federal woman suffrage amendment on January 9, 1918. The House votes 274 to 136, in favor of a suffrage amendment on January 10, 1918

1919: Carrie Chapman Catt proposed the formation of a league of women voters to "finish the fight." at a Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, in St. Louis on March 24, 1919

The 19th Amendment was passed by Congress on June 4, 1919 and the Women's Suffrage Clause, was ratified on August 18, 1920.

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