The infamous St. Valentine's Day
Massacre occurred and Eliot Ness and "The Untouchables"
fought against the organized crime wave. President Herbert Hoover represented the Republican political party
which influenced the domestic and foreign policies of
The major accomplishments and the
famous, main events that occurred during the time that
Herbert Hoover was president included the Stock
Market Crash of 1929 and the Start of the Great
Depression with the Dust bowl, the soup kitchens and the
1932 Bonus Army March.
died of internal hemorrhaging on October 20, 1964, aged 90. The next president was
August 10, 1874
Place of Birth:
Age at Inauguration:
Height: 5 feet
Date of Death:
October 20, 1964
Date of Herbert
Presidency: March 4,
1929 to March 4, 1933
The Nickname of Herbert Hoover: The Great Engineer or "Herbie"
The nickname of President Herbert Hoover provides an insight into how the man
was viewed by the American public during his presidency. "The Great Engineer"
was given as his nickname in reference to his early career as a civil engineer and reflected
his flood control work when the Mississippi River burst its banks in
1927. However, the Great Depression consumed the nation within
months of his assuming the presidency and Herbert Hoover was blamed. The
period began to be referred to as the "Hoover Depression" and his
close friends who called him "Herbie" became fewer and fewer.
Millions were unemployed and the insides of their empty trouser
pockets were called "Hoover handkerchiefs". Poverty stricken, homeless men padded their clothes
with newspapers that were called "Hoover blankets."
Families were made homeless and no option but to live in shanty
towns called "Hoovervilles" and this is the nickname
that is most closely associated with Herbert Hoover.
Character and Personality Type of Herbert Hoover
The character traits of President Herbert Hoover can be described as
diligent, dull, aloof, independent and confident. It has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs
personality type for Herbert Hoover is an ISTJ (Introversion, Sensing,
Thinking, Judgment). A reserved, well-regulated and serious
character and a strong traditionalist. Herbert Hoover Personality type:
logical, organized, sensible, thorough and dependable.
Accomplishments of Herbert Hoover and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Herbert Hoover and the most famous events during his
presidency are provided in
an interesting, short summary format
The Roaring Twenties
Summary of the Roaring Twenties: Herbert Hoover became president
towards the end of the
Roaring Twenties, a period of great change in America with the
Inventions in the
1920's and the great
Economic Boom of the
It was also the era of Prohibition which led to the
rise of the
Gangsters, mobsters and 'bootleggers' who profited
from the illegal sale of liquor during the Prohibition Era (1920 to
Eliot Ness and "The Untouchables"
Summary of Eliot Ness and "The Untouchables":
Eliot Ness and "The
were tasked with combating the activities of Al Capone
and his crime syndicate, the Chicago Mafia. Eliot Ness was the
Government Agent (G-Man) who led the group of 11 law enforcement
agents, nicknamed the "Untouchables" because they could not be
The Long Bull Market
Summary of the Long Bull Market: The
of the 1920s saw share prices on the stock market soar
as the Stock Market brokers encouraged the practice of buying stocks
"on margin", meaning buying stocks with loaned money.
The 1929 Wall Street Crash
Summary of the Wall Street Crash: The economic boom in
the 1920s led to high consumerism, easy credit schemes and increased
The good times came to an abrupt end with the
Wall Street Crash.
Stockbrokers began to make large-scale margin calls,
demanding that investors repaid their loans immediately, panic
started and the stock market went into free fall. on Tuesday,
October 29, 1929 stock prices completely collapsed and $10-$15
billion was lost in just one day.
The Wall Street Crash resulted in the closure of
banks, bankruptcies, evictions, suicides, wage cuts and mass
unemployment that led to the Great Depression.
The Great Depression
Summary of the Great Depression: The
(1929 - 1941) brought homelessness,
hunger, debt, despair and dejection to the American people.
Herbert Hoover was the incumbent president and on the receiving
end of much of the blame. The Great Depression began with the 1929
Wall Street Crash and did not end until the start of WW2. When the
Great Depression hit, President Herbert Hoover cited constitutional
restraint as a reason for not allowing more forceful intervention by
the Federal government. Instead, Herbert Hoover appealed to the private
sector to come to the aid of the people.
The 1930 Hawley Smoot Tariff
Summary of the Hawley Smoot Tariff: The
Hawley Smoot Tariff
was signed into law on June 17, 1930 by Herbert Hoover, just after the
start of the Great Depression, to significantly raise to increase
tax rates on imported (foreign) goods. The Hawley Smoot Tariff
seriously backfired as furious European countries imposed a tax on
American goods making them too expensive to buy in Europe,
contributing to the economic crisis of the Great Depression.
The Social Effects of the Great Depression
Summary of the Social Effects of the Great Depression: The
Social Effects of
the Great Depression
transformed American society during the Herbert Hoover
administration and the quality of
life plummeted as jobless people were forced to live in poverty with
poor living conditions, little education and poor health.
Shantytowns and Hoovervilles
Summary of the Shantytowns and Hoovervilles:
Shantytowns and Hoovervilles were the
names given makeshift camps set up
by the homeless during the Great Depression. By 1932, nearly two
million American people were homeless and forced to live in
makeshift shacks, constructed from unwanted materials and lacking
basic amenities such as clean drinking water and adequate
Summary of the Soup Kitchens:
run by charities, sprang up in every major town and
city in America serving free meals to hungry men, women and
children. There were few welfare programs to help the unemployed,
starving and destitute people and as unemployed soared to over 25%
Soup Kitchens sprang up in every major town and city in America.
The Bonus Army March
Summary of the Bonus Army March: The
was made in the summer of 1932 when
over 40,000 World War 1 veterans marched to Washington to lobby
Congress to pass legislation authorizing the early payment of
veterans bonuses. The senate failed to agree to the payment and the
Bonus Army were disbanded by the heavy
handed treatment of the US Army under
The Dust Bowl
Summary of the Dust Bowl: The
was caused by a series of devastating droughts in the
1930s that resulted in Dust Storms and 'Black Blizzards' that ripped
up the topsoil sweeping thousands of tons of dirt across America and
destroying 100 million acres of farming land.
The Hollywood in the 1920's
Summary of the Golden Age of Hollywood: People sought to escape from
the misery of the Great Depression through the movies.
Hollywood in the
1920s saw the end of silent movies and the
introduction of the 'talkies' in 1927 by
Warner Brothers when Al Jolson starred in
First talking movie -
The Jazz Singer. As the
effects of the Great Depression increased hundreds of 'picture
palaces' closed as ticket sales dropped dramatically.
The Hays Code
Summary of the Hays Code: In 1930 the
Hays Code and Censorship
of the movies was introduced banning
the use of profanity, nudity, immorality and the role of
the "vamp" in the Hollywood movies of the 1920s.
The 1932 Lindbergh Kidnapping
Summary of the Lindbergh Kidnapping: Another notable event during
the presidency of Herbert Hoover was the
sparked a nationwide search following the abduction of
the 20-month-old son of the famous aviator Charles Lindberg on March
1, 1932. Bruno Richard Hauptmann was sentenced to death for the
kidnapping and murder of the child was Bruno Richard Hauptmann.
The Hoover Dam
Summary of the Hoover Dam: The
was built during the Great Depression. Construction work
began on April 20, 1931 under the instructions of Herbert Hoover and
was completed on March 11, 1936 during the presidency of Franklin D.
Roosevelt. President Hoover was blamed for many of the disastrous
effects of the Great Depression and the dam was immediately referred
to as the 'Boulder Dam'. It was not until 1947 that it was renamed
the Hoover Dam.