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President Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson

President Andrew Johnson: Short biography of President Andrew Johnson and the key events during his presidency.

Life of President Andrew Johnson Fast Fact File
Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), nicknamed the "Tennessee Tailor", was the 17th American President and served in office from 1865-1869. The Presidency of Andrew Johnson spanned the period in United States history that encompasses the events of the Reconstruction Era and the Gilded Age. President Andrew Johnson represented the Republican / National Union political party which influenced the domestic and foreign policies of his presidency.

This was the period of the Wild West with its famous cowboys, lawmen and gunslingers and the expansion of the nation with the 1867 purchase of Alaska.

The major accomplishments and the famous, main events that occurred during the time that Andrew Johnson was president included the Reconstruction of the South, the ratification of the 13th and 14th amendments to the Constitution, the infamous 'Black Codes', the Carpetbaggers and Scalawags the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan. In 1868 Impeachment Proceedings of Andrew Johnson began when he breached the Tenure of Office Act. The president was acquitted following the impeachment trial. Andrew Johnson died of a stroke on July 31, 1875, aged 66. The next president was Ulysses Grant. 

Birthday: December 29, 1808

Place of Birth: Tennessee

Political Party: Republican / National Union 

Nickname: Tennessee Tailor

Number: 17th President

Vice President: No Vice President

Age at Inauguration: 56

Height: 5 feet 10 inches

Weight: 174 pounds

First Lady: Eliza Johnson

Religion: No religious affiliation

Date of Death: July 31, 1875

Date of Andrew Johnson Presidency: April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869

The Nickname of Andrew Johnson: The "Tennessee Tailor" or "Sir Veto"
The nickname of President Andrew Johnson provides an insight into how the man was viewed by the American public during his presidency. The meaning of the nickname "Tennessee Tailor" refers to his humble upbringing and early profession as a tailor in his home state of Tennessee. The meaning of his derogatory nickname "Sir Veto" because he tried to use the power of the veto to expand the power of the executive branch. The use of his vetos angered Congress and his violation of the Tenure of Office Act led to his impeachment.

Character and Personality Type of Andrew Johnson
The character traits of President Andrew Johnson can be described as reserved, direct, polite and determined. It has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs personality type for Andrew Johnson is an ISTJ (Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judgement). A reserved, well-regulated and serious character and a strong traditionalist. Andrew Johnson Personality type: logical, organized, sensible, thorough and dependable.

Accomplishments of Andrew Johnson and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Andrew Johnson and the most famous events during his presidency are provided in an interesting, short summary format detailed below.

The Reconstruction Era
Summary of the Reconstruction Era: The
Reconstruction Era refers to the Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War. This period is referred to in American history as the Reconstruction Era and lasted from 1865-1877. Reconstruction is the term applied to the time period, or era, when the South was occupied by United States Federal troops whilst state governments and economies were established and the  infrastructure of the South was rebuilt.

The Wild West
Summary of the Wild West: The Wild West
(1865 - 1895) reflected the lawlessness of the untamed territories west of the Mississippi River during its frontier period,  famous for cowboys, native Indians, the lawmen, gunslingers, the pioneers, the prospectors, the gamblers and, the outlaws.

The Black Codes
Summary of the Black Codes: The
Black Codes were the laws enacted at the beginning of the Reconstruction Era by the Southern states legislatures to restrict the freedom of ex-slaves in the South. The purpose of the Black Codes was to maintain white supremacy and segregation

Civil Rights Act of 1866
Summary of the Civil Rights Act of 1866: The
Civil Rights Act of 1866 was enacted on April 9, 1866 to protect ex-slaves from legislation such as such as the Black Codes and the Vagrancy Laws and to help African Americans obtain equal status under the law.

The Ku Klux Klan
Summary of the Ku Klux Klan: The secret organization called the
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was based in the South and founded on December 24, 1865, during the Reconstruction Era.  The goals of the KKK were to organize white southern resistance to the Reconstruction-era Republican policies which were aimed at establishing political and economic equality for blacks.

The Carpetbaggers
Summary of the Carpetbaggers: The
Carpetbaggers were opportunist Northerners who went to the South (often carrying their possessions in a carpet bag) whose aim was to exploit opportunities for financial gain and personal power.

The Scalawags
Summary of the Scalawags: The
Scalawags were native born Southerners who looked to gain money and advancement during the Reconstruction Era. Scalawags often came from poor backgrounds and resented the southern elite plantation owners. Scalawags  were deemed traitors to the South.

Reconstruction Act
Summary of the Reconstruction Acts: The series of laws and statutes called the
Reconstruction Act, aka the Military Reconstruction Act, were passed during 1867 and 1868 gave control to Radical Republicans in Congress. The purpose of the Reconstruction Acts was to determine the terms to be fulfilled for the former Confederate States of America to be re-admitted to the Union. The series of laws divided the seceded states into five military districts, and required each state to draft a new state constitution and ratify the 14th Amendment.

The Tenure of Office Act
Summary of the Tenure of Office Act: The
Tenure of Office Act was passed by Congress on March 2, 1867 and was designed to limit the powers of the President and prevent President Andrew Johnson dismissing radical Republicans from office. Andrew Johnson attempted to veto the law, but failed. He went on to ignore the Tenure of Office Act and suspended Edwin Stanton, the Secretary of War which led to the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson.

The Purchase of Alaska
Summary of the Purchase of Alaska: The
Purchase of Alaska, aka Seward's Folly, was proclaimed on June 20, 1867 and received great criticism when William Henry Seward, purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
Summary of the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson began February 24, 1868, when Congress resolved to impeach Andrew Johnson for high crimes and misdemeanors. President Johnson had to answer 12 articles of Impeachment and was acquitted in the Senate by one vote less than the two-thirds necessary to remove him and was allowed to continue his term of office that ended on March 4, 1869.

US American History
1866-1881: Reconstruction Era

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