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Arab-Israeli Conflict


Arab-Israeli Conflict: The key dates and events of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Arab-Israeli Conflict
The history timeline of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.

1400BC: The conflict between Israel and Egypt went back thousands of years to biblical times. In 1400BC Israel and Judea occupied the Hebrew Kingdom in the Land of Canaan.

90AD: In 90AD the Romans forced the Jews of Israel to flee the Holy Land when the Romans captured Jerusalem and renamed the land Palestine.

621: The Roman Empire collapsed and around the year 621, the Roman region of Palestine was conquered by Muslim armies who brought the religion of Islam to Palestine.

1517: The Ottoman Turks controlled the Middle Eastern Empire from 1517-1918 when the Ottoman Empire was dissolved.

1918: At the end of WW1 the British were given control of the region (1920 - 1948 and favored the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.

1947: The partition of Palestine occurred in 1947 with UN resolution 181 which established a Jewish State, an Arab State and the Internationalization of Jerusalem.

1948: The State of Israel was established in 1948 sharing land borders with Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the Palestinian territories (which are claimed by the State of Palestine and are partially controlled by Israel) comprising the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, and Egypt to the southwest. The Arabs rejected the UN resolution and major wars erupted between Israel and its neighbors, generally led by Egypt.

1948: The 1948 Arab-Israeli War was a large-scale war between Israel and five Arab countries and the Palestinian-Arabs.

1956: The 1956 Sinai Campaign and the Suez Crisis saw an invasion of Egypt by Israel.

1967: The 1967 Six-Day War (5–10 June 1967) was fought between Israel and all of its neighboring countries of Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, aided by other Arab countries.

1973: The 1973 Yom Kippur War, or Arab–Israeli War, was fought by the coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria (supported by USSR) against Israel (supported by USA) from October 6 to October 25, 1973. In the Yom Kippur War the Egyptian Army got back Sinai that had been occupied by the Israeli armies for almost 7 years.

1978: The 1978 Camp David Accords included a condition of Israel's withdrawal from the rest of Sinai.

1979: The Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty was signed on 26 March 1979.

1987: The First Intifada (1987 – 1993), a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza

1991: The Madrid Conference (January-February 1991) in which the United States and the Soviet Union co-convened an international peace conference in Madrid, Spain

1993: The Oslo Accords (1993 - 1994), a series of agreements between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

1994: The Israel–Jordan peace treaty was signed on 26 October 1994 to "end to bloodshed and sorrow" and a just and lasting peace.

2000: The Second Intifada (2000 - 2005), another Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza

2002: U.S. President George W. Bush called for an independent Palestinian state living in peace with Israel

2005: Israel completely withdrew from Gaza in 2005

2006: 2006 Lebanon War. Approximately one million Lebanese and 300,000–500,000 Israelis were displaced.

2007: Gaza War (2007 - 2009) and blockade began, resulting in Hamas taking control of the Gaza Strip

2010: U.S. launched direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority in Washington D.C

2012: Palestine Authority moved a resolution in UN for recognition of Palestine statehood, calling it a 'Palestine Spring'

2014: The 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.

2015: Israeli–Palestinian conflict, known as the "Wave of Terror" by Israelis or the "Knife Intifada" by the media and described as a potential Third Intifada. Conflict due to tensions between the Palestinians and Israelis regarding the status of the Temple Mount.

US American History
1945-1993: Cold War Era

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