1933: March 20, 1933: The Nazi government establishes the Dachau concentration camp outside of Munich as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."
1933: April 1, 1933: Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany. Hitler's 'brownshirts' stand outside Jewish shops and persuade Germans to boycott them.
1933: July 14, 1933: Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases forcing the sterilization of all persons who suffered from hereditary diseases, mental illnesses and physical deformities
1934: Jews were banned from sitting university exams
1935: Summer 1935: Anti-Jewish propaganda escalates as 'Jews not wanted here' posters flood Germany
1935: September 15, 1935: Nuremberg Race Laws that deprived Jewish people of their civil rights. Jews were forbidden to vote, to go out at night or to marry Germans.
1936: Jewish people were forbidden to be lawyers, doctors or teachers.
1938: 9 November 1938: Kristallnacht, meaning "Night of Broken Glass" was when Jewish businesses, synagogues and homes were violently destroyed throughout Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. Many Jewish men were killed or put in concentration camps.
1939: January 1939: Hitler accuses the Jewish people of stirring up other countries against Germany and threatens them with annihilation if a war breaks out.
1939: September 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland, starting WW2 in Europe.
1939: October 8, 1939: Germans establish a ghetto in Piotrkow, Poland.
1940: Jewish people were forced to leave their homes and go to live in Jewish 'ghettos', where they were forbidden to earn a wage and many thousands of men, women and children starved to death.
1941: All Jewish people were forced to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothes immediately identifying them as Jews.
1941: July 6, 1941: Squads composed of German SS and police called Einsatzgruppen (meaning mobile killing units) began the systematic massacres of Jews in several of the forts around Kovno, Lithuania
1941: September 28-29, 1941: Einsatzgruppen squads shoot 34,000 Jews at Babi Yar, outside Kiev in the Ukraine.
1941: Nazi Einsatzgruppen squads escalate across eastern Europe and murder over a million Jewish people.
1941: December 7, 1941: Japan bombs Pearl Harbor without warning and the United States enters WW2.
1942: January 16, 1942: Nazis begin the mass deportation of over 65,000 Jews from Lodz to the Chelmno killing center.
1942: January 20, 1942: The Wannsee Conference is held near Berlin, Germany where the decision is taken by the Nazis for a 'Final Solution to the Jewish Problem' – to exterminate all the Jewish people in Europe.
1942: Camps were built at places such as Auschwitz, and Jewish people were rounded up and sent to their deaths.
1942: March 27, 1942: Germans deport over 65,000 French Jews from Drancy, outside Paris, France to Auschwitz.
1942: July 15, 1942: The mass deportation of nearly 100,000 Dutch Jews from the Netherlands to Auschwitz
1942: September 12, 1942: Mass deportation of over 265,000 Polish Jews from Warsaw to Treblinka.
1942: By the end of 1942, Jewish people were being regularly transported by freight trains to specially built extermination camps where, if they survived the journey, were systematically killed in gas chambers.
1943: April 19, 1943: Warsaw ghetto uprising begins as Jewish underground organizations created an armed unit known as the Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa; ZOB) and members of the ghetto began to construct underground bunkers and shelters. The Germans killed 7000 and captured over 50,000 who were deported to concentration camps.
1944: By the end of 1943 the Germans abandoned the system of cramming people into ghettoes in favor of herding men, women and children on to cattle cars to transport them to the concentration and extermination camps.
1944: May 15, 1944: Germans begin the mass deportation of 440,000 Jews from Hungary.
1945: January 18, 1945: Winter Death march of nearly 60,000 prisoners from the Auschwitz camp system in southern Poland. As the Russians advanced, the SS guards marched the Jewish people to concentration camps in the west such as Belsen in Germany.
1945: January 27, 1945: Soviet troops liberate the Auschwitz Concentration and Extermination Camp in Poland. It is estimated that 1,600,000 people died at Auschwitz, about 1,300,000 were Jews and the remaining victims were gypsies, Poles and Soviet prisoners of war.
1945: April 29, 1945: American forces liberate the Dachau concentration camp in Germany.
1945: April 30, 1945: Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
1945: WW2 ended September 2, 1945 with the unconditional surrender of all the Axis powers.
|US American History|
|1929-1945: Depression & WW2|