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President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D Roosevelt

President Franklin D. Roosevelt: Short biography of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the key events during his presidency.

Life of President Franklin D. Roosevelt for kids - Fast Fact File
Franklin D Roosevelt (1882-1945), nicknamed the "F.D.R.", was the 32nd American President and served in office from 1933-1945. The Presidency of Franklin D Roosevelt spanned the period in United States history that encompasses the events of the Depression & WW2 era. President Franklin D Roosevelt represented the Democratic political party which influenced the domestic and foreign policies of his presidency.

The major accomplishments and the main events of Franklin D Roosevelt to combat the Great Depression included FDR's New Deal, his 'Fireside Chats', his strategy of Relief, Recovery and Reform during the Great Depression. Relief programs and the 'alphabet soup agencies' were established by Franklin D Roosevelt to help the needy and impoverished. The Great Depression finally ended with the outbreak of World War 2 when Franklin D Roosevelt was faced with leading the nation through the conflict. Franklin D Roosevelt died of a stroke on April 12, 1945, aged 63 just before WW2 ended on September 2, 1945. The next president was Harry S Truman.

Birthday: January 30, 1882

Place of Birth: New York

Political Party: Democratic 

Nickname: F.D.R.

Number: 32nd President

Vice Presidents: John Garner, Henry Wallace & Harry Truman

Age at Inauguration: 51

Height: 6 feet 2 inches

Weight: 188 pounds

First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt

Religion: Episcopalian

Date of Death: April 12, 1945

Date of Franklin D Roosevelt Presidency: March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945

The Nickname of Franklin D Roosevelt: F.D.R. and "King Franklin"
The nickname of President Franklin D Roosevelt provides an insight into how the man was viewed by the American public during his presidency. The meaning of the nickname F.D.R. simply refers to the initials of his name. One of his other nicknames 'King Franklin' was a reference to his hosting role at his Hyde Park estate during the 1939 royal visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the first reigning British Monarchs to ever set foot in America.

Character and Personality Type of Franklin D Roosevelt
The character traits of President Franklin D Roosevelt can be described as outgoing, gregarious, strong, persuasive, determined, cunning and charming. He was well able to cope with the pressure and stressful situations he encountered during the difficult events of his presidency. It has been speculated that the Myers-Briggs personality type for Franklin D Roosevelt is an ESTP (introversion, intuition, thinking, perceiving). An outgoing, active, influential and resourceful character with the ability to improvise to achieve desired results. Franklin D Roosevelt Personality type: Socially sophisticated, persuasive, competitive and easily bored.

Accomplishments of Franklin D Roosevelt and the Famous Events during his Presidency
The accomplishments of Franklin D Roosevelt and the most famous events during his presidency are provided in an interesting, short summary format detailed below. Click the following link for events relating to Franklin D Roosevelt and World War 2

The New Deal
Summary of the New Deal:
 Franklin D Roosevelt's New Deal was a series of relief programs during the Great Depression. FDR's New Deal fell into two stages relating to the dates the programs were created. The First New Deal encompassed national planning laws and relief programs for poverty stricken from 1933 - 1934. The Second New Deal (1935 - 1939) and focused on social reforms together with programs to speed up the nation's recovery from the devastating depression.

FDR's First Hundred Days
Summary of FDR's First Hundred Days:
FDR's First Hundred Days from March 9, 1933 to June 16, 1933 was a period of intense activity during which time 15 major acts were passed by Franklin D Roosevelt to combat the recession.

Relief, Recovery and Reform
Summary of Relief, Recovery and Reform: FDR's Three R's
Relief, Recovery and Reform were the basis of President Franklin D. Roosevelt strategy during the Great Depression to address the economic crisis and the problems of mass unemployment.  The programs and policies relating to Relief, Recovery and Reform required either immediate, temporary or permanent actions and reforms which were collectively known as the New Deal.

The FDR New Deal Programs - The "Alphabet Soup Agencies"
Summary of the FDR New Deal Programs: The array of
New Deal Programs were implemented by Franklin D Roosevelt to combat the effects of the Great Depression with 25% of the population unemployed and over 1 million families homeless. The relief programs that were established were referred to as the  'Alphabet Soup agencies' such as the TVA, AAA, CCC, PWA, SEC, FCS and the FERA.

Fireside Chats
Summary of the Fireside Chats: The numerous changes and reforms implemented by Franklin D Roosevelt were communicated by the president via radio broadcasts called the 
Fireside Chats. President Franklin D Roosevelt made 30 radio addresses, called the 'fireside chats'  between 1933 and 1944. The 'Fireside Chats' were used sparingly emphasizing the importance of the message he needed to convey.

The Second New Deal
Summary of the Second New Deal: The
Second New Deal was implemented by Franklin D Roosevelt and covered the period from 1935 - 1939 and focused on social reform together with policies and programs to speed up the nation's recovery.

Second New Deal Programs
Summary of the Second New Deal Programs: The
Second New Deal Programs was a series of legislation passed by Franklin D Roosevelt including Social Security Act, the Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act) and the Fair Labor Standards Act. The Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) were also established by Franklin D Roosevelt.  

The New Deal Coalition
Summary of the New Deal Coalition: The
New Deal Coalition was an alliance of voters who supported FDR's New Deal programs and established a solid Democratic majority.

Emergency Banking Relief Act: "The Bank Holiday": March 1933
Summary of the Emergency Banking Relief Act: The 1933 Emergency Banking Relief Act was passed by Franklin D Roosevelt on March 9, 1933 when FDR declared a National Bank Holiday and temporarily closed all the banks from March 6, 1933 until March 13, 1933 to prevent massive withdrawals from banks.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): March 1933
Summary of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was established by Franklin D Roosevelt on March 9, 1933 to insure depositors against the loss of up to $5,000 of their deposits if their bank should collapse.

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC): April 1933
Summary of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC): The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was created by 1933 Emergency Conservation Work Act to put unskilled, unemployed young people to work developing conservation infrastructure on lands owned by the  government.

Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA): May 1933
Summary of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA): The
Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) was created by the Federal Emergency Relief Act on May 12, 1933 helped to support nearly 5 million households each month

Civil Works Administration (CWA): May 1933
Summary of the Civil Works Administration (CWA): The Civil Works Administration was established in May 1933 by Franklin D Roosevelt to create programs for the unemployed. The CWA was short-lived and lasted only through the 1933-1934 winter.

Securities Act of 1933: May 1933
Summary of the Securities Act of 1933: The Securities Act of 1933  was passed by Franklin D Roosevelt on May 27, 1933 requiring companies that sold stocks and bonds to provide full, complete and truthful information to investors.

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA): May 1933
Summary of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA): The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was created by Franklin D Roosevelt on May 18, 1933 to rejuvenate the region providing thousands of jobs for unemployed men and a cheap source of electricity.

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA): May 1933
Summary of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA): The
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was signed into law by Franklin D Roosevelt on May 12, 1933 to to provide relief for farmers and other agricultural workers during the Great Depression.

1933 Glass-Steagall Act: June 1933
Summary of the Glass-Steagall Act: The Glass-Steagall Act aka 1933 Banking Act was passed by Franklin D Roosevelt on June 16, 1933 prohibiting commercial banks from engaging in the investment business and created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).

National Recovery Administration (NRA): June 1933
Summary of the National Recovery Administration (NRA): The National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933
 was signed into law by President Franklin D Roosevelt on June 16, 1933 to create the National Recovery Administration (NRA). Its purpose was to address the crisis in industry by suspending the antitrust laws and allowed the government, businesses and labor to work together on issues including setting prices, working hours, productivity, minimum wages and union membership.

Public Works Administration (PWA): June 1933
Summary of the Public Works Administration (PWA): The Public Works Administration (PWA) was authorized by Franklin D Roosevelt allotting $3.3 billion to be spent on the construction of public works to revive American industry and provided employment to skilled workers.

Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC): June 1933
Summary of the Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC): The
Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) was  established in June 1933 to provide relief to troubled mortgage borrowers and their lenders.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): 1934
Summary of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was established by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that created the SEC as an independent government agency to enforce laws to regulate the Stock Market and to prevent fraud.

Works Progress Administration (WPA): 1935
Summary of the Works Progress Administration (WPA): The Works Progress Administration  (WPA) was created by the
Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of April 1935 to provide light construction jobs for millions of unskilled workers without the need of heavy machinery or large amounts of materials.

1935 Wagner Act
Summary of the Wagner Act: The Wagner Act (aka the National Labor Relations Act) was passed by Franklin D Roosevelt guaranteeing workers the right to organize Unions and to bargain collectively.

Social Security Act of 1935
Summary of the 1935 Social Security Act: The Social Security Act of 1935 established an unemployment insurance system, a national pension fund, a public assistance program for dependent mothers and disabled people and benefits for victims of industrial accidents.

The Court Packing Plan: 1937
Summary of the Court Packing Plan: The Court Packing Plan was to introduced on February 5, 1937 to expand the Supreme Court to 15 judges to make it more efficient.

Franklin D Roosevelt and WW2
The Great Depression finally ended with the outbreak of World War 2 when President Franklin D Roosevelt was faced with leading the nation through the conflict - Franklin D Roosevelt and the Events of World War 2

US American History
Franklin D Roosevelt and the Events of World War 2
1929-1945: Depression & WW2

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