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Franklin Roosevelt and World War 2

Franklin D Roosevelt

Franklin Roosevelt and World War 2: The major events that confronted FDR during WW2.

Definition and Summary of the Franklin Roosevelt and World War 2
Europe witnessed the rise of the Dictators such as Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin and WW2 (1939 - 1945) broke out. Militarists gained control of Japan and the US joined the war after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. FDR guided the nation through WW2 and met with Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin at the Yalta Conference on February 11, 1945. By this time the US had developed the Atomic Bomb by the scientists working on the Manhattan Project.

Franklin D Roosevelt died of a stroke on April 12, 1945, just months before World War 2 ended on September 2, 1945. The next president was Harry Truman.

Accomplishments of Franklin D Roosevelt and important events during World War 2
The accomplishments of Franklin D Roosevelt and the most famous events during his presidency that concerned the events in the United States during World War 2 are provided in an interesting, short summary format detailed below. The start and end dates of World War 2 in Europe were September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1945. The start and end dates of World War 2 in the United States were December 7, 1941 - September 2, 1945.

 Timeline Events leading up to WW2
Summary of the Timeline Events leading up to WW2: The Timeline Events leading up to WW2 during the presidency of Franklin D Roosevelt 

 Causes of World War 2
Summary of the Causes of World War Two: The Causes of World War 2 were due to a variety of different events that posed a significant threat to the safety of America and its people.

 Totalitarianism and the Rise of Dictators
Summary of Totalitarianism and the Rise of Dictators: Totalitarianism describes a government that attempts to assert absolute and total control over its citizens and often ruled by a dictator such as such as Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin.

 Fascism, Nazism and Communism
Summary of Fascism, Nazism and Communism: This link provides definitions and examples of Fascism, Nazism and Communism.

 Japanese Militarism
Summary of Japanese Militarism: The article on Japanese Militarism describes how Militarists gained control of Japan before the outbreak of WW2.

 American Isolationism
Summary of American Isolationism: The policy of American Isolationism was adopted by Franklin D Roosevelt by the US entry into WW2 in an attempt to isolate the US from the diplomatic affairs of other countries by avoiding foreign entanglements or entering into alliances with other nations.

 Good Neighbor Policy
Summary of the Good Neighbor Policy: The Good Neighbor Policy was adopted by Franklin D Roosevelt during the 1930's to improve US ties and relations with Latin America to ensure non-hostile neighbors south of its borders.

 The Neutrality Acts
Summary of the Neutrality Acts: A series of Neutrality Acts banning arms and war materials to countries at war.

 Lend-Lease Act
Summary of the Lend-Lease Act: The Lend-Lease Act was passed by Franklin D Roosevelt on March 11, 1941, enabling the United States to aid the Allied Powers.

 The Atlantic Charter
Summary of the Atlantic Charter: The Atlantic Charter was the result of a top secret meeting between FDR and Winston Churchill between August 9-12, 1941 in which the general strategy of the war against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy and Japan were discussed. The Atlantic Charter was issued by FDR and Churchill on August 14, 1941 and detailed the common principles of the national policies of the two countries.

 USS Greer, Kearny and Reuben James
Summary of the USS Greer, Kearny and Reuben James: German U-Boats attack the  USS Greer, Kearny and Reuben James in the Atlantic before the US officially entered World War 2.

 FDR's Navy Day Address
Summary of FDR's Navy Day Address: The
FDR's Navy Day Address was a speech to the nation made over the radio concerning the attack upon the destroyer USS Kearny on October 27, 1941.

 Pearl Harbor
Summary of Pearl Harbor: On December 7, 1941 Japanese planes and submarines launched a surprise attack on the US Pacific fleet at the Pearl Harbor naval base in Hawaii. To find out the reasons for the attack refer to the article called Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor The hour by hour events of the fateful day are detailed in the Pearl Harbor Timeline.

 Doris "Dorie" Miller
Summary of Doris "Dorie" Miller: Doris "Dorie" Miller was an African American hero at Pearl Harbor who he took control of an unattended machine gun and used it in defense of the base.

 Executive Order 9066
Summary of Executive Order 9066: Executive Order 9066 was issued by Franklin D Roosevelt on February 19, 1942 to protect "against espionage and against sabotage to national defense materials". By 1943, more than 110,000 Japanese Americans were moved to Japanese Internment camps in remote inland areas of the United States.

 The Doolittle Raid
Summary of the Doolittle Raid: The Doolittle Raid of B25 bombers with a crew of 80 bomb Japan on April 18, 1942. It was the first US attack on the Japanese homeland , four months after Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.

 US Mobilization for WW2
Summary of the US Mobilization for WW2: Franklin D Roosevelt and his administration had to organize the US Mobilization for WW2 involving movement of troops and supplies in preparation for war.

 The Bataan Death March: April 1942
Summary of the Bataan Death March: The Bataan Death March in the Philippines on April 9, 1942 was the name given to the infamous 66 mile  journey that was endured by 75,000 Japanese prisoners of war, consisting of 12,000 Americans and the remainder Filipinos. The prisoners were beaten, shot and bayoneted and it is is estimated that only 65,000 survived the Bataan Death March.

 Battle of the Coral Sea: May 1942
Summary of the Battle of the Coral Sea: The Battle of the Coral Sea was a naval battle fought in the South Pacific between New Guinea and the Solomon Islands against Japan from May 4-8, 1942. was a draw, but it stopped the Japanese from invading Port Moresby in New Guinea and threatening Australia.

 Battle of Midway: June 1942
Summary of the Battle of Midway: The
Battle of Midway was decisive victory for the US. It was fought June 37, 1942 during which American planes defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands

 Battle of the Philippine Sea: June 1944
Summary of the Battle of the Philippine Sea: The Battle of the Philippine Sea was a great US victory fought on June 19 - 20, 1944 between the Japanese Combined Fleet and the U.S. 5th Fleet. Victory at the Battle of the Philippine Sea gave the US control of Saipan, Guam and Tinian islands, providing US air bases within range of B-29 bombers targeted at Japan.

 D Day: June 1944
Summary of D Day: On June 6, 1944 the D Day landings on the beaches at Normandy to liberate France from German occupation.. Over 425,000 Allied and German troops were killed, wounded or went missing in the "Battle of Normandy".

 The Battle of the Bulge: December 1944 - January 1945
Summary of D Day: Summary of the Battle of the Bulge: The Battle of the Bulge (6 December 1944 and ended on 25 January 1945) when the Allied forces regained the territory that had fallen to Germany in early December. Over 76,000 Americans were killed, wounded, or captured during the Battle of the Bulge.

 The Battle of Iwo Jima: February - March 1945
Summary of the Battle of Iwo Jima: The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought in the Pacific arena from February 19, 1945 - March 16, 1945 during which time 7000 United States servicemen died and 20,000 were wounded before the island was secured.

 Rosie the Riveter
Summary of Rosie the Riveter: As the men went off to war the women began to work in the munitions factories. The iconic image of the time was of Rosie the Riveter who was working for the nation on the homefront.

 The Zoot Suit Riots
Summary of the Zoot Suit Riots: The Zoot Suit Riots erupted in Los Angeles, California during WW2 and consisted of a series of attacks by American servicemen on zoot-suit wearing gangs of young Mexican-Americans.

 The Tuskegee Airmen
Summary of the Tuskegee Airmen: The all-black Tuskegee Airmen of the 99th squadron  shipped out of Tuskegee on 2 April, 1943 bound for North Africa where it flew its first combat mission on 2 June, 1943 flying in their famous "Red Tail" aircraft.

 The Kamikaze Pilots
Summary of the Kamikaze: The Japanese Kamikaze suicide pilots were used by Japan in 1944-45. During this time nearly 8000 Kamikazepilots flew to their deaths.

 Navajo Code Talkers
Summary of the Navajo Code Talkers: The Navajo Code Talkers used a secret code based on their native language making it possible to relay a message in minutes that would have taken a code machine operator hours to encipher and transmit.

 GI Bill
Summary of the GI Bill: The GI Bill or the "GI Bill of Rights," was signed by President Franklin D Roosevelt on June 22, 1944 providing a range of benefits for returning WW2 veterans (G.I.s)

 The Yalta Conference: February 1945
Summary of the Yalta Conference:
The Yalta Conference was a meeting between February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945 in which FDR met with Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin in Yalta , Crimea, Russia. The leaders discussed the unconditional surrender and occupation of Nazi Germany, the defeat of Japan and peace plans for the post war world.

 The Holocaust
Summary of the Holocaust: World War 2 ended on September 2, 1945 with the unconditional surrender of all the Axis powers and the world began to learn about the horror of the Holocaust.

 The Manhattan Project
Summary of the Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Project, led by Robert Oppenheimer, started on May 12, 1942 when President Franklin D Roosevelt signed an order creating a top secret project to develop the nuclear weapon.  President Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 and the decision to drop the atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan was made by President Harry Truman.

US American History
1929-1945: Depression & WW2

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