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Black History Month

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Definition and Summary of the Black History Month.
Summary and definition:
The Black History Month is an annual event of remembrance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to reflect on the history and achievements of important people and events of the African Diaspora (the movement of peoples from Africa). Since 1976, every U.S. president has officially designated the month of February as Black History Month.

Black History Month for kids: Ideas, Subjects and Topics
Often referred to as African-American History Month in the United States, it is observed in schools and colleges. Each year a different term is selected as a focus for students and their studies.

For instance the theme for 2015 focused on "A Century of Black Life, History and Culture". Other themes have included African Americans and the Civil War, Black Women in American Culture and History, Freedom and Equality and Civil Rights. This article is designed to provide inspiration for projects and studies relating the people and events in Black History. A useful resource for teachers, schools and colleges undertaking projects for the Black History Month.

Black History Month for kids: Background History
The idea of a Black History Month was first introduced in 1926 by a historian named Carter G. Woodson and over the years gained in popularity. In 1976, President Gerald Ford officially recognized Black History Month and each president since this time has designated February as Black History Month.

Black History Month for kids: Ideas, Subjects and Topics
Find inspiration for Black History Month projects for kids by checking out the list of important people and events which are presented in a unique way by linking the most famous events in Black History to comprehensive articles containing interesting facts and information on each subject. An easy way to discover facts, dates and information about the important historical events that occured in Black History, including the events of the Civil Rights Movement.

Facts about Black History Month
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on Black History Month.

Detailed facts and information on Black Segregation History in America

Jim Crow Laws were Southern laws that legalized segregation

Short facts in this
Segregation History Timeline in America

Southern states laws used the
The Black Codes to restrict the freedom of ex-slaves in the South.

The impact of the 1896
Plessy vs. Ferguson Case case on racial segregation

History of the
Abolitionist Movement and slave uprisings

The
Fugitive Slave Act, the escaped slave laws of 1793 and 1850

Christian revivalist movement called the
Second Great Awakening that sparked ant-slavery social reform

Discover how slaves acquired the money to help them buy their freedom - in the
Buying Freedom from Slavery article

Underground Railway Map and
Free States & Slave States

The history of
Nat Turner's Rebellion, the short lived slave revolt led by Nat Turner

The
The "Underground Railroad", the secret organization that helped slaves escape from slavery

Routes of the
Underground Railroad Maps

The history of the
Underground Railroad Symbols & Secret Codes used by slaves escaping from slavery

Amistad rebellion,
The Amistad Slave Ship, 53 African slaves being shipped to Cuba

The impact of the novel,
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe, on the Abolitionist Movements

The impact of
Popular Sovereignty and Slavery concerning the slavery extension issue

Confrontations,
Bleeding Kansas 1854–1861, between Anti-slavery and Pro-slavery militant activists

The
Dred Scott Decision ruled that slaves were property

Attempt to seize ammunition in the
John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry from an armoury at Harpers Ferry

War measure,
Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in states still in rebellion against the Union

Establishment of the
Freedmen's Bureau  to help emancipated slaves (freedmen)

Legislation,
Civil Rights Act of 1866, to help African Americans obtain equal status under the law.
 
The origins and history of the
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

Facts on
Carpetbaggers, opportunist Northerners who went to the South

Native Southerners,
Scalawags,  who looked to gain during the Reconstruction Era

History timeline and facts about
Black Populism

Read about the
Enforcement Acts incl. the Ku Klux Klan Act, Protecting African Americans from violence

The
Civil Rights Act of 1875 extended the fundamental guarantees of the Constitution

Read about
Sharecropping and Tenant Farming

The
Exodusters Great Migration of African Americans to Kansas

Booker T. Washington and the 1895
Atlanta Compromise.

The origins and history of
Social Darwinism in America

The rise of
Nativism in America

Attitudes of Americans towards the
American Entry into WW1 and the reasons for US entry

The
Harlem Hellfighters, the all-black 369th Infantry regiment who received the French Croix de Guerre.

The
Niagara Movement was the black civil rights organization, a forerunner of the NAACP

Read the text of the famous speech,
Niagara Movement Speech, by W.E.B. Du Bois

The
Niagara Movement Declaration, the text and words of the Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles.

1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in the
NAACP Facts and Timeline

Facts and Marcus Garvey Biography, Black Nationalism and the UNIA

The Harlem Renaissance was the flowering of African American culture.

The
WW1 Great Migration when African Americans move from the southern farmlands to northern cities.

The Names and Lists of
Harlem Renaissance People and Figures

Facts on the
Harlem Renaissance Poets and their poems and Poetry

Facts on the
Harlem Renaissance Writers and Authors of the Harlem Renaissance and their Books

Facts on the famous
Harlem Renaissance Artists

The
Harlem Renaissance Singers and their songs

The
Harlem Renaissance Musicians and their music and songs

The
Jazz Age associated with exuberance and the introduction of jazz music

1920's KKK -
Resurgence 1920's Ku Klux Klan and the march down Pennsylvania Avenue

The
Eugenics Movement in America - Pseudo-Scientific Racism

The
Zoot Suit Riots erupted in Los Angeles, California during WW2

The story of
Doris "Dorie" Miller, the African American hero at Pearl Harbor

The
Tuskegee Airmen and the Red Tails

Civil Rights Movement for kids: Ideas, Subjects and Topics
The ideas for projects continue with comprehensive articles containing interesting facts and information on the Civil Rights Movement.

The origins and main people and events of the Civil Rights Movement

Important dates via the
Civil Rights Movement Timeline

The
Civil Rights Movement Facts with fast, interesting facts about people, places, events of Civil Rights Movement

The
Civil Rights Act of 1957, intended to protect the right of African Americans to vote

The first
Freedom Riders boarded their buses in May 1961

The
Watts Riots broke out in an African American neighbourhood in Los Angeles.

The
Nation of Islam, the Black Muslims, who were led by Elijah Muhammad

The
Montgomery Bus Boycott, the protest against segregation on buses

Series of the
Selma March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall wins
Brown vs Board of Education against school segregation

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (
SCLC) was founded

Crisis re the admission of 9 African American students, the
Little Rock Nine, to Central High

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (
SNCC) founded in April 1960

MLK, jailed in the Birmingham Campaign, wrote the
Letter from Birmingham Jail

The
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963

The people and events of the
Black Power movement

The militant
Black Panthers were established 1966

The
Civil Rights Act of 1964 aimed at ending segregation and racial discrimination.

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (
EEOC) was established

The
Voting Rights Act of 1965 to prevent discrimination and protect voting rights.

The
MLK Assassination, the Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968

US American History

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Updated 2018-01-01

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