The Spanish-American War was a victory for the United States and fought in the Caribbean islands of Cuba and Puerto Rico and the western pacific islands of the Philippines and Guam. The conflict was resolved by the 1898 Treaty of Paris which allowed temporary American control of Cuba and ceded indefinite colonial authority over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippine islands from Spain.
Spanish-American War for kids: Background History
Spanish-American War for kids: American Public Opinion
Spanish-American War for kids: President McKinley
Causes of the Spanish-American War
Demands by Cuban patriots for independence from Spanish rule
The establishment of the 'reconcentrado' policy (concentration camp system) by the Spanish in Cuba
American investments in Cuba, especially shipping and the sugar trade, suffered during the Cuban rebellion
William Randolph Hearst's Publication of the stolen letter (de Lôme letter), written by the Spanish minister in Washington, which insulted the President
Anti-Spanish Public opinion, fuelled by sensationalist journalism
The influence of the American policy of Expansionism and the strong dislike of old Imperialism
Spanish-American War Facts and Timeline for kids
1868: Spanish victory over Cuba in the Ten Years War (1868–1878)
April 10, 1892: The Cuban Revolutionary Party, led by José Martí, was officially proclaimed
1894: The Cuban War of Independence (1894-1898) begins
12 June, 1895: President Cleveland issues a proclamation of neutrality during the Cuban rebellion
1896: Spanish General Valeriano Weyler (the "Butcher") arrives in Cuba and establishes the 'reconcentrado' policy (concentration camp system)
1896: The rural population in Cuba was forcibly confined to towns. Thousands of Cubans died from disease and starvation
26 Aug, 1896: Grito de Balintawak begins the Philippine Revolution
1897: General Weyler had relocated more than 300,000 into the "reconcentration camps" Weyler resigned his post in late 1897 and returned to Spain.
19 Jan, 1897: Anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States is fuelled in the U.S. by Joseph Pulitzer's New York World newspaper and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal
March, 1897: Theodore Roosevelt was appointed assistant U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
1 Nov, 1897: The revolutionary constitution in the Philippines created the Biak-na-Bato Republic. Spain makes concessions ending the revolution.
1 Jan, 1898: Spain grants limited autonomy to Cuba
January, 1898: USS Maine sent to Cuba
Feb 8, 1898: Enrique Dupuy de Lome, Spain's ambassador to the U.S., resigns
Feb 9, 1898: William Randolph Hearst publishes Dupuy du Lome's letter insulting President McKinley.
15 Feb, 1898: U.S.S. Maine explodes and is sunk in Havana Harbor, Cuba
19 March, 1898: The U.S.S. Oregon warship leaves the port of San Francisco to Cuba.
Feb 25, 1898: Theodore Roosevelt cables Commodore Dewey with a plan to attack the Philippines, if war with Spain breaks out
4 April, 1898: Hearst's New York Journal issues a million newspapers calling for the immediate U.S. entry into war with Spain.
20 April, 1898: President McKinley issues an ultimatum to Spain demanding Cuban independence
April 20, 1898: The Teller Amendment is passed which placed a condition on the United States military's presence in Cuba whereby the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave the "control of the island to its people."
23 April, 1898: President McKinley calls for 125,000 volunteers
April 24, 1898: Spain declares war on the US
April 25, 1898: US declares war on Spain
May 1, 1898: Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines. U.S. Commodore George Dewey in defeats the Spanish fleet, under Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón
May 10, 1898: Secretary of the Navy, John D. Long, issues orders to Captain Henry Glass, commander of the cruiser U.S.S. Charleston to capture Guam on the way to Manila.
11 May, 1898: Charles H. Allen succeeds Theodore Roosevelt as assistant secretary of the navy
May 25, 1898: First U.S. troops were sent to the Philippine Islands
May 29, 1898: The Rough Riders, the nickname of the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, sailed from Tampa, Florida bound for Santiago de Cuba. The Rough Riders were under the command of Colonel Leonard Wood and the former assistant secretary of the United States Navy, Theodore Roosevelt was second in command
10 June, 1898: U.S. Marines, under Admiral William Thompson Sampson land at Guantanamo, Cuba.
20 June, 1898: Spanish authorities surrender Guam to Captain Henry Glass on the U.S.S. Charleston
June 24, 1898: US victory for the Rough Riders at the Battle of Las Guasimas in Cuba
July 1, 1898: The Battle of San Juan Hill, the most famous battle of the War. The Rough Riders were led to victory under the command of Theodore Roosevelt
July 3, 1898: Battle of Santiago in which Spain's Caribbean fleet was destroyed.
July 7, 1898: The Annexation of Hawaii
July 17, 1898: Spanish forces under General Toral capitulated to U.S. forces at Santiago de Cuba. The City of Santiago surrendered to General William Shafter. U.S. General Leonard Wood was named military governor of Santiago de Cuba.
July 30, 1898: General Shafter instructed to return troops immediately to the United States to prevent an outbreak of yellow fever.
Aug 12, 1898: Spain signs armistice (truce, peace agreement) that ended all hostilities between Spain and the United States in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines
Aug 13, 1898: US troops capture Manila. General Wesley Merritt established a military government in the city
Dec 10, 1898: The Treaty of Paris is signed and the United States annexes Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. Spain renounces all rights to Cuba and allows an independent Cuba. Spain also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, gave up its possessions in the West Indies, and sold the Philippine Islands for $20,000,000.
1 Jan, 1899: Spanish forces left Cuba
Jan 23, 1899: The Philippines declares itself an independent republic, led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Emilio Auginaldo was captured in March 1901
April 12, 1900: The Foraker Act was passed in which some elements of self-government was allowed in Puerto Rico.
March 2, 1901: The Platt Amendment outlined the role of the U.S. in Cuba and the Caribbean. The Cuban-American Treaty leased to United States the southern portion of Guantanamo Bay, where a U.S. Naval Station had been established in 1898
1902: US withdraws from Cuba
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