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Grand Canyon History Timeline

Theodore Roosevelt

Grand Canyon History Timeline: Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th American President who served in office from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909. One of the important events during his presidency was the 1906 National Monuments Act, a law that was passed to preserve the heritage of the nation and the Grand Canyon.

History Timeline of the Grand Canyon
History Timeline:
President Theodore Roosevelt, an ardent conservationist, created the Grand Canyon Game Preserve by proclamation in 1906 and the Grand Canyon National Monument in 1908. He justified designating the Grand Canyon as a National Monument by citing its prehistoric archeological features and great scientific value.

Learn about the first human inhabitants in the area. The history timeline provides facts and information about the people and import events relating to the history of one of the Natural Wonders of the World.

Grand Canyon History Timeline for kids
The Grand Canyon History Timeline provides fast facts and important dates relating to the history of the human inhabitants of this awesome region of America, located in the State of Arizona.

  • Artifacts of the first inhabitants of the area date back 3000 to 4000 years although Paleo-Indians were thought to have lived in the area as far back as 10,000 years

  • The Pueblo People (Anasazi) inhabited the area nearly 1000 years ago

  • The six major Native American Indian Tribes are the Havasupai, Zuni, Hopi, Paiute, Navajo and the Hualapai

  • The Grand Canyon features strongly in the history of these Indian nations as and important part of their creation myths

Grand Canyon History Timeline and Timeline : Fast Facts for kids via the History Timeline Fact Sheet
Interesting info, description and brief facts about the inhabitants of the Grand Canyon are detailed in the History Timeline.

1540 : Hopi guides led a party of Spanish conquistadores, under Captain Garcia Lopez de Cardenas, to the south rim of the Canyon

1826: Mountain man and pioneer James Ohio Pattie (1804-c. 1850), visited the area and documented his travels in the Personal Narrative of James O. Pattie published in 1831

1848: The U.S. gained the area in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and pathed the way for more American explorers

1857: The first official U.S. government expedition was led by soldier and botanist Lieutenant Joseph Ives (1829 1868). His expedition went on the  paddlewheel steamboat Explorer to map and survey the Colorado river.

1869: John Wesley Powell (1834 1902) led expeditions down the Colorado River and Green River in 1869 and 1872 and wrote about his experiences. Powell Plateau is named after him

1870: More American prospectors hoping to find silver or gold explored the area

1890: The Conservation Movement advocated the establishment of state and national and state parks, wildlife refuges and national monuments during the Progressive Era.

1890: Environmentalism also emerged during the Progressive Era.  Environmentalists belief that the natural world including animals, fish, birds, plants, trees, water, air and and other natural resources were sacred and should be protected from destruction or pollution.

1882: Clarence Dutton (1841 1912) was an American geologist and US Army officer wrote the Cenozoic history of the Grand Canyon district after conducting surveys in the Colorado Plateau region

1883: John Hance (1840 1919) is credited with being the first American settler - he later acted as a tourist guide

1883: William Wallace Bass (1849 1902) was one of the first Americans to prospect and then settle. Bass became the first American to guide tourists to visit Cataract Canyon (now known as Havasu Canyon)

1884: The first regular tourist stagecoaches ran from the railroad stop at Peach Springs, Arizona.

1892: The Santa Fe Railway made an agreement with famous artist Thomas Moran, who had
produced some of the earliest drawings and paintings of places such as Yellowstone, to help produce advertising literature whilst they constructed the railroad line.

1894: William Bass and  writer George Wharton James prepare lantern slides to take across the country to advertise the Natural Wonder of the World attracting many famous visitors

1897: John Hance and Pete Berry, built a trail and guest ranch near Grandview Point.

1900: Travel writer George Wharton James writes a guidebook with the help of William Bass alerting Americans to the wonderful sites to be seen and its rich heritage. Publications such as these increase interest in the Conservation Movement and Environmentalism.

1901: The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway first reached the Grand Canyon and the train service begins

1901: The first automobile arrived

1901: Theodore Roosevelt, an ardent conservationist, became President and was instrumental in protecting natural features of America

1902: Geologist Francois Matthes (1874-1948) mapped the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River

1902: A book of photography by Henry Peabody entitled 'Glimpses of the Grand Canyon of Arizona' was published by the Fred Harvey Company

1902 : Ellsworth and Emery Kolb establish their photographic business

1902: The naturalist, environmentalist and preservationist John Muir (1838 1914) published "Our Grand Canyon" urging visitors to not just enjoy the scenery, but "to learn something about the plants and animals and the mighty flood roaring past". Refer to Famous Environmentalists

1905: Gifford Pinchot (18651946), was appointed the first chief of the U.S. Forest Service, who believed that natural resources should be used to provide the "greatest good for the greatest number of people."

1905 : The El Tovar Hotel opens:

  • Designed by Charles Whittlesey, Chief Architect for the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway

  • The hotel was opened as a destination resort

  • It was one of a chain of hotels and restaurants owned and operated by the Fred Harvey Company in conjunction, and alongside, the Santa Fe railway

1906: President Roosevelt created the Grand Canyon Game Preserve by proclamation in 1906 and the Grand Canyon National Monument in 1908.

1906: President Roosevelt signed legislation for the National Monuments Act ( Antiquities Act) that authorized the President to establish national monuments for the preservation of historic, prehistoric, and scientific interest

1908: The Grand Canyon was created a National Monument

1910: Travel writer George Wharton James writes the guidebook called 'The Grand Canyon of Arizona: How to See It'

1912: Arizona receives statehood

1919: The Grand Canyon was designated as a National Park by President Woodrow Wilson

1956: Construction of Glen Canyon Dam is authorized

1963: The gates of Glen Canyon Dam close and the Colorado River ceases to run as a wild river through the area

US American History
1881-1913: Maturation Era
Grand Canyon Facts
1906 National Monuments Act

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