The battle was won by the Mexicans but the 13 days gave General Sam Houston time to build and develop his Texan Army at San Jacinto who were motivated by the courage shown, against all odds, by their fellow Texans.
Battle of the Alamo History for kids: Where is the Alamo?
Battle of the Alamo History for kids: What was the Alamo?
When was the Battle of the Alamo? Who won the Battle of the Alamo?
Why was the Battle of the Alamo significant?
Battle Cry of the Alamo: "Remember the Alamo!"
Survivors at the Battle of the Alamo
Colonel William B. Travis: "Victory or Death"
Timeline and Facts about Battle of the Alamo
The Texas Revolution began in October 1835 with the Battle of Gonzales.
The siege started in February 23, 1836 and ended on March 6, 1836. 180 Americans were laid to siege by the Mexican Army consisting of 4000 soldiers led by General Santa Anna during the Battle of the Alamo
The Alamo was originally built in 1718 as Roman Catholic Franciscan mission and then used as a garrison for the Mexican army
November 1835: Sam Houston was selected as Commander-in-Chief of the Texas Army
December 21, 1835: James Clinton Neill is ordered by Sam Houston to take command of the Texan and Tejano garrison stationed at the mission in San Antonio
January 17, 1836: Jim Bowie arrives at the garrison to evaluate the situation - Sam Houston had suggested he remove the artillery and blow up the Alamo. The decision is made to defend the garrison
February 3, 1836: Colonel William B. Travis arrives at the garrison
February 8, 1836: Davy Crocket arrives at the garrison with a group of Tennessee volunteers
February 11, 1836: Neill becomes ill and leaves the garrison
February 11, 1836: Neill transfers command to William B. Travis, the highest-ranking regular army officer in the garrison
February 12, 1836 : William Travis and Jim Bowie argue over who has command of the garrison
February 14, 1836: Neill returns to settle the dispute. Bowie and Travis agree to a joint command
February 17, 1836: William B. Travis sends his first letters asking for assistance, the Texans were not expecting Santa Anna's forces until spring
February 22, 1836: Santa Anna reaches San Antonio with generals Sesma, Amador and Castrillón and the Vanguard Brigade
February 22, 1836: Santa Anna demands surrender and states that no one will be spared if this is not done. The Texans refuse to surrender
February 23, 1836: Daniel Cloud sounds the alarm as the attack begins. The fort comes under artillery fire from Mexican troops
February 24, 1836: William B. Travis writes his Victory or Death Letter to the closest town at Gonzales. He vows "I shall never surrender or retreat."
February 24, 1836: Jim Bowie becomes ill and William B. Travis assumes full command
February 26, 1836: Relief forces begin to gather at Gonzales
26 Feb 1836: James Fannin attempts his relief march to the fort but is forced to turn back
March 1, 1836: 32 men of the Gonzales Ranging Company arrive at the fort in response to the Victory or Death letter
March 2, 1836: The Texas Declaration of Independence is signed and the Republic of Texas is declared although the men fighting the Battle of the Alamo are unaware of these momentous events
March 3, 1836: James B. Bonham arrives at the garrison and tells Travis that James Fannin and his troops were not coming
March 3, 1836: William Travis tells all the troops that they are free to leave - the brave men choose to stay and fight at the Battle of the Alamo
March 3, 1836: Mexican battalions Aldama, Toluca and Zapadores arrive in San Antonio
March 5, 1836: The Mexican artillery stop shelling the fort, they defenses have been weakened to such an extent that plans are made to assault the garrison
March 6, 1836: The final attack begins at dawn with hand-to-hand combat
March 6, 1836: Only a few Texans survive the bloody siege of the Battle of the Alamo. Civilian non-combatants such as women, children and cooks were spared.
March 6, 1836: Over 600 Mexicans were killed during the Battle of the Alamo and countless injured
March 6, 1836: A handful of Texans were also spared who were sent Sam Houston’s camp at San Jacinto as a warning that a similar fate awaited the rest of the Texans if they continued their rebellion against Mexico.
April 22, 1836: Following a series of battles Santa Anna is defeated and captured
May 14, 1836: The peace treaty of Velasco is signed by the Republic of Texas and General Santa Anna of Mexico.
June 15, 1836: The demoralized Mexican army, cross the Rio Grande back into Mexico
December 29, 1845: Texas becomes part of the United States - refer to Texas Annexation
|US American History|
|1829-1841: Jacksonian Era|