The purpose of the expedition was both scientific (creating maps and documenting plants and animals) and commercial (establishing trade and identifying natural resources). They were helped by a female Shoshone guide called Sacajawea. The Lewis and Clark Expedition traveled along the Missouri River from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River. The Lewis and Clark Expedition started on May 21, 1804 and ended on September 23, 1806.
Members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition - Sacagawea
Lewis and Clark Expedition: The Goals and Purpose of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Facts about the Lewis and Clark Expedition for kids
Who was Lewis? Captain Meriwether Lewis was a frontiersman and the personal secretary of President Jefferson
Who was Clark? Second Lieutenant William Clark was a draftsman and frontiersman had once had been Jefferson's commanding officer in the army
What was the Corps of Discovery? The Corps of Discovery was a special military unit consisting of select group of 33 volunteers chosen to join the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the Shoshone guide, Sacajawea.
The Corps of Discovery was commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson
How many men were in the Lewis and Clark Expedition? 35, including Lewis and Clark
How many men died on the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Only one man died, Sergeant Charles Floyd, of acute appendicitis
When did the Lewis and Clark Expedition start? Training commenced 1803-1804. The expedition started in May 21, 1804
When did the Lewis and Clark Expedition end? The expedition ended on September 23, 1806
How long was the Lewis and Clark Expedition? 2 years 4 months and 10 days
How much did the Lewis and Clark Expedition cost? Congress approved $2,500 for expenses. The final cost for the expedition totaled $38,000
Where did the Lewis and Clark Expedition start and end? The expedition left Camp Dubois, near St. Louis, on May 14, 1804 and arrived at the Pacific Ocean in early November of 1805. They returned to St. Louis on September 23, 1806
What transport did they use? A 10-ton 55ft keelboat and two pirogues (dugout boats). They also used canoes
Were there any fights with Native Indians? Yes, a small skirmish with the Blackfeet tribe
A Newfoundland dog named Seaman accompanied the expedition
What scientific instruments were used by the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Octants, Sextants, Chronometers, Compasses, Surveying instruments. They also used Nautical almanacs
What were the ages of the men on the Lewis and Clark Expedition? The youngest man (George Shannon) was 17 years old and the oldest (John Shields) was 35 years old. The average age of all the men was 27 years old.
What problems were encountered by the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Crossing the Rocky Mountains, rapids, bear, snakes, mosquitoes and cold weather
When did Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean? November 7, 1805
How many miles did the journey cover? 8,000 miles
Congress established the 3,700-mile (6,000-km) Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail in 1978.
Results of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Lewis and Clark Expedition for kids: The Corps of Discovery
The Corps of Discovery was a military unit whose members were excellent hunters, skilled in the use of weapons and many had fought in the Indian Wars. Their knowledge included botany, astronomy, cartography and (map making). Others had artistic abilities to draw pictures of the plants and animals. The Corps of Discovery were well trained and extremely equipped with the most advanced weapons of the day and excellent cartography equipment.
The members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition were also equipped with tokens of peace to present to the Native Americans such as medicine and trinkets. The also took special Indian Peace Medals, minted in silver displaying a portrait of President Jefferson to distribute to Native American tribes with a message of friendship and peace.
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