The Democratic-Republicans split into the northern-dominated Republicans and the southern-dominated Democrats and, as they both originated from one political party, this led to are more stable government with minimal political fighting. During the Era of Good Feelings the country was at last at peace with the British and the nation was busy cultivating vast regions of the West due to the Louisiana Purchase, 1803, building new transport systems and in founding great manufacturing industries in the East.
Era of Good Feelings for kids: National Pride
The Era of Good Feelings was filled with National Pride. The British had been forced to recognize the United States as an expanding national power and the US had grown confident of the impact their new, expanding nation could have on the world stage. The Second Barbary War of 1815 (The Algerine War) had ended in victory for the Americans. Songs like the Star Spangled Banner became popular and Americans really began to believe that the US was "the land of the free and the home of the brave". The opportunities seemed endless in a country that had boundless lands and riches.
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: Political Achievements
The political achievements during the Era of Good Feelings included:
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: The American System
The American System - an economic plan by Henry Clay that provided credit enabling the building of new factories, new roads and canals and decreasing U.S. dependence on foreign goods.
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: Protective Tariff of 1816
The Era of Good Feelings included the introduction of the Protective Tariff of 1816 which placed a 20-25% tax on all foreign goods
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: 1817 Rush-Bagot Treaty
The Era of Good Feelings included the negotiation of the 1817 Rush-Bagot Treaty demilitarized the Great Lakes regions and signified the start of an improvement of diplomatic relations between the US and Great Britain
The Era of Good Feelings: Convention of 1818
The Era of Good Feelings included the meeting between the U.S. and Great Britain, called the Convention of 1818, when the 49th parallel was set as the border with Canada and good relations with the British continued.
The Era of Good Feelings: Adams-Onis Florida Treaty of 1819
The Era of Good Feelings continued with the Adams-Onis Florida Treaty of 1819 resulted in Florida being ceded by Spain to the United States.
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: The Missouri Compromise
The Missouri Compromise retained the balance between slave and free states
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: The 1823 Monroe Doctrine
The new power of the United States and its foreign policy was conveyed to the world during the Era of Good Feelings by the delivery of the 1823 Monroe Doctrine declared against foreign colonization in the Americas and the US intention to remain neutral in European wars
The Era of Good Feelings: Transportation
New transportation systems were a revolution in their own right. During the Era of Good Feelings steam power continued to develop. Magnificent Steamboats made travel by river much easier and dominated the waterways of the expanding areas of the US in the south along rivers such as the Mississippi, Alabama and the Apalachicola. Construction of the Cumberland Road was started just before the Era of Good Feelings and was continued with great enthusiasm. It was the first National Road, built between 1811-1837 and served as a gateway to the West for thousands of settlers. The Santa Fe Trail was opened from Independence, Missouri, to Santa Fe, New Mexico. Bridges were built along the routes reducing travel times. The Erie Canal, the first Important canal project America, stretched 363 miles from Albany to Buffalo, and was started in 1817. It was the longest canal in western world at the time and a symbol of great progress when it was opened in 1825. The Era of Good Feelings eventually came to and end but even more new methods of transportation were introduced including the great Clipper ships and then the steam engines and the railroad.
The Era of Good Feelings for kids: Industrial Revolution
The Industrial revolution in the United States started with the invention of the Eli Whitney Cotton Gin which was closely followed by the ideas of Samuel Slater & the cotton mill. Other inventions followed as the years passed by, but these were the shining lights of invention during the Ear of Good Feelings.
The End of the Era of Good Feelings
By 1824 the differences between the northern-dominated Republicans and the southern-dominated Democrats had become so great that there was a sudden ending to the Era of Good Feeling and John Quincy Adams was elected as the next President.